This is why the drumbeat on FOLIOmag.com about VanityFair’s and the New York Times’s green issues and recycled paper (orthe lack thereof) is so off the mark.For better or worse, green issues aren’t about public advocacy. Seriously, how can Madonna, who has a privatejet and at least five enormous homes, be the cover girl for conservation? The big publishers’ green issues are about selling pages toadvertisers who want to be associated with green content. And until thoseadvertisers demand that their ads be printed on recycled paper (and provide therevenue that offsets the increased cost), the green issues will keep coming outon the same paper stock as every other issue.In the meantime, please pick up the “Better Planet” issue ofDiscover on newsstands now. We areprinted on FSC-certified paper and, after an extensive survey of our greenhousegas emissions, purchased a carbon offset from carbonfund.org. You can also click over to our Better Planet blog orenter our GreenScience Fair.Happy Earth Day. I rarely rise in defense of Condé Nast. Wired is an especially nasty competitor of Discover, even though their sciencecoverage is a small part of their tech culture package. The NewYorker also competes with us for ad pages.You have to give them their due, though. From my perspective, they are by far the mosteffective spokespeople in the world for the power of magazines. Their editors are industry giants whostraddle the worlds of media, fashion and entertainment. Do you ever hear Anna Wintour or GraydonCarter whining to the trades about the growing influence of blogs or some otherpiece of Internet hype? I don’t thinkso. I would be surprised if there were many tables set aside for bloggers atthe Waverly Inn.More importantly, every bit of Condé Nast’s DNA is attunedto extracting maximum dollars from advertisers.As I pointed out in a blogpost a couple of months ago, along with your 12x schedule, Condé candeliver an integrated program featuring Beyoncecaressing your product online, polybagged and on national TV.
The site receives between three to five submissions (which are typically five pages long with up to 50 photos) per week, which go to a staging area and are managed by a former subscriber-turned-employee. “We don’t get to the same level as in-house content,” says Mikelonis. “We still want it to be peer-to-peer, but there are some basic requirements: It needs to have an introduction, at least three photos and demonstrate a sense of sequence and a result. When one of our readers sits down online, they want to know how to get something done.”If a member submits one tutorial, FordMuscle sends a t-shirt. If they do two, they get a hat. If a member does six, they receive $100. “If someone is especially enthusiastic, we may then bring them on as a freelancer,” says Mikelonis.Parts manufacturers can also be highlighted in the tutorial, although ads are not sold directly against it. Mikelonis says the site asks its top contributors what they might need for upgrades they’re working on. “We do not try to strong-arm the contributors into using parts from advertisers but we will steer them in that direction if a contributor’s needs and our resources align,” he adds.Selling Around UGCMikelonis says that advertisers haven’t tried to influence the tutorials. “We have not been put in that position yet. While we are confident we have more influence and reach than traditional print magazines, advertisers in our space are not yet willing to allocate an equal amount of dollars to their online and print ad expenditures. So, since our advertisers are probably aware they are getting a bargain with us, they then don’t feel compelled to make editorial demands.”FordMuscle sells an annual online subscription for $19.95 per year and is considering a pay-per-article model for the future (subscription accounts for about 40 percent of revenue, while advertising accounts for 60 percent). “I think we’d do a lot better,” says Mikelonis. “Although we call this a subscription, we know users don’t pay for the promise of new content. They pay for that article and access to our technical archive. The print model is counter to the way enthusiasts want information. They don’t want to pay a subscription and hope that next month they get an article relevant to their car.”FordMuscle.com generates about 160,000 unique visitors each month and expects to break $500,000 in revenue in 2009. In its 2009 Media & Entertainment Predictions report, consulting and advisory firm Deloitte warns that with no monetization schemes in place, user generated content will become less attractive to publishers. “A site with tens of millions of members, all submitting content and viewing each others’ digital offerings, was regarded as a good thing,” the report says. “During the coming year, that may well change, for the simple reason that while the absolute cost of creating the content may be tiny, the ability to realize any revenue from the content may be smaller still.”However, one online enthusiast publisher is starting to bridge the gap between UGC, editorial content and revenue. FordMuscle.com, which caters to Ford performance enthusiasts (and competes for the same automotive performance aftermarket advertising dollars as numerous Source Interlink titles such as Hot Rod and Car Craft), introduced a forum category called “Tech Exchange,” in which members can submit graphic how-tos. “The biggest problem in trying to produce in-house content is knowing that what our audience is doing in their garages is more diverse than anything we could do if we hired 20 guys, bought 100 cars and had all the free parts in the world,” says co-founder Jon Mikelonis.Polishing UGCFordMuscle staff edits outside content before it’s made available to readers and contributors are rewarded for their submissions. “Our advertisers appreciate peer-to-peer technical content as long as it’s edited, formatted, and scrubbed,” says Mikelonis. “Sure, if you open the flood gates and let anything go, advertisers will not want to be placed adjacent to foul content. Work at it, reward the contributors, play editor. And it just might work for your online community.”
WILMINGTON, MA — Beginning on May 4, the Wilmington Police Department will have extra patrols on the road targeting vehicle occupants not wearing their seatbelts. The Department is joining the Massachusetts State Police and municipal police departments across the Commonwealth in the annual “Click It Or Ticket” campaign. This initiative is funded by a federal highway safety grant, through the Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety and Security’s Highway Safety Division (EOPSS).According to statistics from Executive Office of Public Safety, Massachusetts has one of the lowest seatbelt usage rates in the nation. Since being implemented, “Click It Or Ticket” initiatives have helped increase seat belt usage in Massachusetts from 51% in 2002 to 78% in 2016. We still have a long way to go though as the national usage rate average is 90%.The Wilmington Police Department wants to remind everyone that Massachusetts law requires all occupants to be properly restrained by safety belts when riding in a private passenger motor vehicle. So please, when you get in your car, buckle up. You could be saving your own life!(NOTE: The above press release is from the Wilmington Police Department.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedWilmington Police To Participate In National ‘Click It or Ticket’ CampaignIn “Government”REMINDER: What To Expect At TONIGHT’S Wilmington Police’s National Night OutIn “Police Log”What To Expect At Wilmington Police’s National Night Out On August 6In “Community”
TEWKSBURY, MA — On Monday, Tewksbury’s State Senator Barbara L’Italien announced her endorsement of Selectman Mark Kratman in the 19th Middlesex State Representative race to succeed the late Rep. Jim Miceli.“I’ve known Mark for years and we have fought side by side to deliver on Tewksbury’s priorities. There is nobody better when it comes to advocating for his community,” said L’Italien. “Mark’s heart is this district – you never see him miss an event or an opportunity to bring people together for the betterment of the area. He will be an outstanding representative for Tewksbury and Wilmington and is the best candidate in this race.”“I am honored to receive this support from our state senator,” said Kratman. “Barbara has done a great job bringing taxpayer dollars to this district, for road repairs, to protect beds and jobs at Tewksbury State Hospital, for the Fire Department, and more. I look forward to following in Senator L’Italien and Rep Miceli’s footsteps in the legislature being this district’s voice in the state legislature. Miceli served with distinction for a long time and while he will be missed, I am ready to hit the ground running on day one.”State Sen. Barbara L’Italien & Tewksbury Selectman Mark Kratman(NOTE: The above announcement is from State Senator Barbara L’Italien’s Office.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedSTATE REP RACE: Massachusetts AFL-CIO Endorses Mark KratmanIn “Government”STATE REP RACE: Massachusetts Teachers Association Endorses Mark KratmanIn “Government”STATE REP RACE: Mark Kratman Holds Successful Campaign Rally, Ready To Fight For Wilmington & Tewksbury At State HouseIn “Government”
WILMINGTON, MA — Robert James Ross, “Bob”, age 87, of Wilmington, MA, passed away peacefully on April 18, 2019.Bob was the beloved husband of the late Elizabeth Ann Ross (Stewart) “Betty”, loving father of the late Patricia D. Pennington of Sandwich, MA, David S. Ross of Wilmington, MA, Karen E. O’Reilly and her husband Gerald F. O’Reilly of Salisbury, MA. Bob was the proud Grandpa to Jessica Pennington, Alex O’Reilly and Gerald O’Reilly Jr. Treasured Great Grandpa to Hudson Leyland Brown who lovingly referred to Bob as G.G.Bob grew up an only child to the late David and Beatrice Ross in Valley Stream, NY on Long Island. After high school, Bob, was drafted into the United States Army during the Korean War. He was stationed at Ft. Jackson in South Carolina. Following his time in the service, he pursued an Engineering Degree at Long Island Agricultural and Technical Institute in New York. Bob was hired by Avco Corporation as an Engineer with their Missile Systems Division where he remained for over 30 years until he retired as a Senior Engineer.Family and friends will gather for his Funeral Service at the Wilmington United Methodist Church, 87 Church Street, Wilmington, MA, on Wednesday, April 24th at 11:00 a.m. Interment with Military Honors will follow in Wildwood Cemetery, Wilmington, MA. Visiting Hours will be held at the Nichols Funeral Home, 187 Middlesex Ave. (Rte. 62), Wilmington, on Tuesday, April 23rd from 5:00-8:00 p.m.Robert James Ross(NOTE: The above obituary is from Nichols Funeral Home.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedOBITUARY: James Thayer Hastings, 84In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: Joseph “Joe” J. Parrella, 66In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: Alan P. Ware, 72In “Obituaries”
Vijay Devarakonda, Kiara AdvaniInstagramKabir Singh, which is an official remake of Telugu blockbuster Arjun Reddy directed by Sandeep Reddy Vanga, has been rewriting box office records in the domestic market. The movie crossed Rs 100 crore mark in just 5 days and now it is all set to cross Rs 150 crore mark on the 7th day of its release in theatres. And while Shahid Kapoor is getting praises from all corners, Arjun Reddy star Vijay Devarakonda has sent a special gift to the film’s leading lady Kiara Advani for her brilliant performance.Mightily impressed by Kiara’s role in Kabir Singh, Vijay sent her clothes of his line as a token of love and appreciation for the success of the film. And Kiara, who was overwhelmed with joy, was all hearts for Vijay for his sweet gesture. “Thank youuu Arjun,” Kiara wrote on Instagram.Shahid Kapoor has scored his first solo century with Kabir Singh and the actor seems to have gripped the nation with his portrayal of self-destructive character.The producers of Kabir Singh – Bhushan Kumar, Murad Khetani, Krishan Kumar and Ashwin Varde – are laughing their way to the banks with the commercial success of Kabir Singh. Murad shared that they initially planned to release the film in 2,500-2,800 screens pan India but “owing to the response we garnered in advance booking, we released the movie in 3,123 screens. Kiara AdvaniInstagram
Logo of arrestPolice in special drives detained at least 25 leaders and activists of BNP from different areas in Sunamganj since Tuesday afternoon, reports UNB.The BNP leaders were held on charge of planning to carry out subversive activities, said Md Shahidullah, officer-in-charge of Sadar model police station.Of them, three each from Chatak, Jamalganj, Doarabazar and Biswambarpur upazilas, two each from Jagannathpur, Dirai and South Sunamganj upazilas while one each from Dharmapasha and Shalla upazilas, according to police.
Logo of BNPA high-profile BNP delegation is going to meet home minister Asaduzzaman Khan on Tuesday afternoon to discuss party chairperson Khaleda Zia’s health condition and her treatment, reports UNB.BNP standing committee members, led by its secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir, will meet the minister at 2:30pm at his secretariat office as per the schedule given by him, Khaleda’s personal secretary ABM Sattar told UNB on Monday.He said the home minister has given his nod for talks with the BNP delegation as Fakhrul contacted him over phone Monday.Sattar said most of the standing committee members will accompany Fakhrul during the meeting.He said the BNP delegation will discuss various issues relating to Khaleda Zia’s treatment and her illness.BNP leaders have long been alleging for the last few days that their chairperson’s health condition has deteriorated sharply and she needs to receive better treatment.Earlier in the day, BNP senior joint secretary general Ruhul Kabir Rizvi said Khaleda Zia herself told the makeshift court on Sunday that her physical condition is not god. “Like the country’s people, we’re very worried about her gradually falling health condition.”The BNP leader called upon prime minister Sheikh Hasina to shun ‘brutal and vindictive’ attitude towards her arch rival and former prime minister Khaleda Zia.”Release our leader instead of creating any obstacle towards granting her bail. Even, such inhuman attitude was not shown to the political prisoners in the colonial era. Don’t sacrifice civilisation, justice and humanity only to cling to power illegally. Eschew inhumanity and allow our leader to receive proper treatment through releasing her from jail,” he said.He also announced that their party will form a human chain in front of the Nation Press Club from 11am to 12pm on Wednesday demanding the unconditional release of Khaleda Zia and proper treatment of her.BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia has been in jail since a special court convicted her in Zia Orphanage Trust graft case on 8 February last year. BNP termed the case politically motivated.
Share Bob Daemmrich: Ted Cruz/Roy Moore campaign/Shelby Knowles: John CornynAlabama Senate candidate Roy Moore, center, flanked by U.S. Sens. Ted Cruz (left) and John Cornyn.Texas’ two U.S. senators found themselves under intense pressure Thursday after explosive allegations surfaced that a candidate both men have endorsed pursued underage teenage girls decades ago. The Washington Post is reporting that Roy Moore, the Alabama Republican nominee in an upcoming Senate special election to succeed U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, tried to become romantically involved with four girls between the ages of 14 and 18 while he was in his 30s. U.S. Sens. John Cornyn and Ted Cruz have both endorsed Moore in his bid. Less than an hour after the story broke, senators were called to their chamber for a routine vote and were met with a crush of reporters. Cornyn, the second-ranking GOP senator, called the allegations “deeply disturbing and troubling.” “I think it’s up to the governor and the folks in Alabama to make that decision as far as what the next step is,” he said. Cruz declined to answer questions as he passed reporters. A cascade of other GOP senators — including Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell — told reporters that if the allegations are true, Moore must drop out of the race. Cornyn then returned to reporters. “Obviously, it’s very troubling, but I think people are trying to sort it out and figure out what the appropriate response is, including Sen. [Luther] Strange,” he said, referring to the temporarily-appointed senator whom Moore defeated in the GOP primary.“If it is true… I don’t think this candidacy is sustainable, but we believe in a presumption of innocence until proven guilty, and so I think it’s important for the facts to come out.” Cruz is in a particularly complicated political position. Prior to the Washington Post report, Brietbart News had its own pre-emptive story that was highly defensive of Moore. Former White House adviser Steve Bannon runs the website. He recently threatened to challenge every GOP senator in their primaries with the exception of Cruz.
Listen X The NBA is, well, a little weird. Case in point: a three-team trade announced on Thursday between Oklahoma City, Atlanta, and Philadelphia — while not yet even officially approved — will supposedly mean Carmelo Anthony’s headed to the Houston Rockets. But how?Houston Matters finds out from Jeff Balke, who writes for Houstonia Magazine and Houston Press. He updates us on the Astros’ second-half start and all the latest local sports stories. 00:00 /08:06 Sue Ogrocki/AP PhotoOklahoma City Thunder forward Carmelo Anthony is guarded by Rockets’ guard James Harden during a preseason game on Oct. 3, 2017. To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: Share
Alton ThompsonAlton Thompson, a leading expert on rural sociology and the former chief academic officer at Delaware State University, has been named the interim provost and vice president of academic affairs at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES).Thompson assumed the position March 7 following the resignation of Patrick R. Liverpool for health reasons at the end of February. He will hold the position while the university conducts a national search for a permanent replacement.As UMES’ chief academic policymaker, Thompson will oversee all aspects of the HBCU’s operations related to academic planning and budgeting; program evaluation, assessment and accreditation; educational policies and procedures; professional development; promotion and tenure of faculties and related responsibilities.“Dr. Thompson brings to this assignment a wealth of experience and a broad understanding of the role of provost at an 1890 land-grant university in the 21st century,” said UMES President Juliette B. Bell in a statement. “I am pleased to welcome him as part of my senior leadership team.”Before accepting the new position at the Princess Anne, Md. Institution, Thompson actually worked at two schools where Liverpool, his successor, also worked—though that may have had no influence on his being given the position.Thompson had been Delaware State’s provost and executive vice chancellor for academic affairs since July 2010. (Liverpool once worked there as the dean of the business school). Before that, he spent 25 years at North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro as a professor, researcher and administrator, serving as chair of its Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology and as interim provost and vice chancellor of academic affairs from 2008 to 2010. (Prior to his stint at UMES, Liverpool also served as interim dean of the business school at North Carolina A&T).Thompson has also been a faculty member at North Carolina State University in Raleigh and Norfolk State University.Bell praised Thompson for his distinguished reputation as a researcher, grant-maker and author.Backed by about $10 million in grants, Thompson has specialized in studying the interfacing of statistics, research methodology, demography and rural sociology. The focus of his research has been agro-medicine, rural poverty/development, labor economics and the structure of agriculture. His research has been featured in over 25 journal articles, seven book chapters and a book, “Quality of Life among Rural Residents in North Carolina: Community and Life Satisfaction.”Thompson was inducted into the USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture Hall of Fame in 2010 and he has also served in leadership roles on the Board of Agriculture Assembly for the Association of Public and State Universities, the Ford Foundation’s Rural Economic Policy Program, Census of Agriculture Advisory Panel of the National Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics, the Southern Governors’ Southern Growth Policies Board, the Board of Directors of Carolina Farm Credit and the Rural Advancement Fund International.He earned his bachelor’s degree at North Carolina Central University and his master’s and doctorate from The Ohio State University.“I am delighted to be a member of the senior leadership team at UMES as we work collaboratively with a talented faculty to operationalize and execute the vision for the University, centered on a standard of academic excellence.” Thompson said. “As an 1890 land grant university with a rich heritage, I look forward to engaging the faculty and staff in advancing collaborative learning, discovery and engagement in strategic and transformative ways.”
Citation: Freelance site using software to recruit and pay workers (2010, May 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-05-freelance-site-software-workers.html Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — Freelancer.com, a freelance site based in Sydney, Australia, has come up with the idea of using software to recruit and pay professionals to carry out work. The site enables software developers to write programs to post job adverts, select from those bidding on the jobs, and even pay them, without any human input. API Flow Overview © 2010 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Microsoft vows openness for mobile app store Matt Barrie, Chief Executive of Freelancer.com, said that after 60 years of people controlling software we are now “getting to the stage where software can control humans.” One possible application of the system could be a company having a large online inventory of virtual goods for sale. The software could stock the store with content created by writers recruited automatically, and those who produced the best-selling product would be selected to create more content. The process could continue as long as the company had money in the bank to continue paying its workers. Barrie said the company was looking forward to “where this might take us.”Barrie said the site has enough programmers on file to make it possible for software to be developed that could even improve itself by hiring programmers to improve its own code, perhaps perpetually. The new software algorithms enabling automatic recruitment, training and paying of workers have just been released for a number of different industries using the site.Barrie said the software algorithms would in many ways ensure performance assessments were more objective, since they are not influenced by subjective factors, such as whether or not the boss likes the worker. Barrie also said in a press release that the system could be used to automatically hire “one, three, or 500 humans,” and that it could “literally assemble an army overnight to solve complex problems.”Automating the hiring process is not an entirely new idea, since many companies now use programs such as TalentFilter to sort through large numbers of applicants to select a short list for interview. In these systems it is quite possible an application or CV is never viewed by a human.There are many outsourcing sites on the Internet, and like the others Freelancer.com has a large membership of people with a wide range of skills such as programmers, Web designers, writers, architects, graphic designers, and so on. Freelancer.com claims to be the largest of these sites, with over 1,500,000 workers registered in 234 countries.The application programming interface (API) is accessible from Freelancer.com.
Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — The many ways in which water differs from other molecules is both a scientific curiosity and an important factor in shaping the Earth. Among water’s unique properties are that it expands when it freezes, it boils and freezes at higher temperatures than expected for a compound with its molecular structure, and it has the ability to absorb large amounts of heat without getting hot. In a recent study, scientists have investigated another unique phenomenon of water called regelation, which occurs when frozen water – or ice – melts under high pressures, even if the temperature is below freezing. Once the pressure is lifted, the water refreezes. The scientists, Teemu Hynninen from the Tampere University of Technology and the Aalto University School of Science and Technology in Finland, as well as coauthors from Finland, Canada, and the US, have performed simulations of the pressure-induced melting of ice by cutting a block of ice with a nanowire. The experiment is similar to a classic experiment performed over a century ago in which scientists demonstrated that a thin, weighted wire could slowly pass through an ice block due to the pressure it exerts on the ice. In the new study, the scientists simulated a nanowire, whose diameter was on the scale of the water molecules, to investigate the molecular-level mechanisms responsible for regelation.“We decided to study the wire-cutting experiment because it has historical signifigance, it is conceptually simple, and it hadn’t been studied on the microscopic scale,” Hynninen told PhysOrg.com. “In this case, we have a wire moving through ice (instead of sliding on it like in normal friction), and the motion is governed by complicated interplay between the wire and the liquid and solid phases of water.” In the simulations, the nanowire is depicted as a string of beads that interact with the H2O molecules. When these beads exert a pressure on the H2O molecules, they break the hydrogen bonds between the oxygen atom of one molecule and the hydrogen atom of another molecule. This breaks the ice lattice structure and transforms the solid ice into liquid water, allowing the nanowire to move through the water, even though the temperature is below freezing. As the scientists explain, the critical point at which the nanowire melts the ice can be thought of as a depinning transition, which generally refers to the yield point of a solid under stress. The simulations showed that this critical point depends on the type of wire used. The scientists compared two types of nanowires – hydrophilic, i.e., a wire whose surface attracts water, and hydrophobic, i.e., a wire whose surface repels water – and found that the wires moved differently through the ice after the depinning transition. Copyright 2010 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. The difference is due to the nanowires’ different structural properties, which causes them to interact differently with the surrounding water molecules. The hydrophilic nanowire exhibits a continuous transition at depinning, where the water can easily flow around it, allowing for smooth movement through the ice block. The hydrophobic wire, on the other hand, exhibits a discontinuous transition, where the water builds up thickly on one side of the nanowire. This wire can only move once the water layer builds up high enough so that it reaches the top of the wire, at which point it flows down the other side into a small void, allowing the nanowire to cut through the ice. As the scientists explain, this behavior is somewhat counterintuitive, since a hydrophobic wire might be expected to move more quickly through water than a hydrophilic one due to the latter’s closer water contact and increased friction. However, in this case, the hydrophobic wire’s resistance to water causes it to be partly obstructed by solid ice, giving it more resistance to movement than the hydrophilic wire.“The physically most interesting result we found is that there is a clear difference between the hydrophobic and hydrophilic wires in the way they depin, i.e., how they start moving as the driving force increases,” Hynninen said. “Although the nanowire we use here is a very simple object, our work shows that small structures in contact with water and ice may exhibit unexpected, complicated behavior.” This qualitative understanding and the additional detail provided by the simulations demonstrates how the pressure-induced melting of ice depends on the wetting properties of the object – in this case, the nanowire – applying the pressure. The molecular-scale mechanisms that explain this unique property of water could allow scientists to better understand how the pressure-induced melting and freezing of water has helped shape the Earth. For example, the phenomenon of regelation acts in systems such as glaciers, allowing pressurized ice sheets to flow around obstacles.“This study is basic research, not aimed to solve any particular problem,” Hynninen said. “Having said that, the work is part of a bigger project on the friction of ice at the nanoscale, and there the applications are more obvious. The slipperiness of ice and wet surfaces are significant issues in, e.g., transportation, and better understanding of these phenomena at the microscopic level could help design coatings or microstructures with desired frictional properties for tires, shoes, sports equipment, etc.” Researchers study how ice melts in contact with soil More information: Teemu Hynninen, et al. “Cutting Ice: Nanowire Regelation.” Physical Review Letters 105, 086102 (2010). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.086102 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Scientists investigate how ice melts below freezing due to nanowire’s pressure (2010, September 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-09-scientists-ice-due-nanowire-pressure.html This figure shows how hydrophilic and hydrophobic nanowires move differently through ice: the liquid easily flows around the hydrophilic wire, but builds up on one side of the hydrophobic wire. Image credit: Teemu Hynninen, et al. ©2010 The American Physical Society.