The Liberia Elections Observation Network (LEON) says it observed positive voting and counting processes overall and continues to observe the tallying and post-election environment, according to a press release yesterday.LEON is a platform of four Liberian Civil Society Organizations: The Catholic Justice and Peace Commission (JPC), Liberia Crusaders for Peace (LCP), Federation of Liberia Youth (FLY) and National Union of Organizations for the Disabled (NUOD), with the goal to meaningfully contribute to the democratization process in Liberia by providing an avenue for civil society to participate in monitoring and observing the 2017 elections.LEON noted that there were problems with slow application of procedures, poor queue control and lack of direction for voters on which polling places they were assigned to.“Although this led to long queues in many precincts on election day, Liberians exercised their vote in a generally calm manner.“Tallying is ongoing around the country and it is positive that the NEC has started to issue partial results as they come in,” the release said.LEON continues to monitor the tallying process in all centers around the country and notes that the process is extremely transparent for both party agents and observers.LEON deployed 1,140 observers throughout Liberia before the election day. They were stationed in approximately half of all polling precincts and 20 percent of polling places.“They observed opening, voting and the counting process sending findings on these different processes by text directly to a computer database. Reports are still arriving from remote areas and data verification is ongoing. This statement is based on the checked and verified reports from just over one-third of these observers.”LEON said it issued two reports on election day on opening and voting. “LEON observers are still observing the tallying process in all centers around Liberia and LEON will release further statements based on their reports.“LEON will also issue a final report once all its observers’ reports have been received which will include an analysis of the entire process from voter registration on wards.”By the end of voting LEON observers assessed that the voting process was good or very good in 87 percent of polling stations observed. “This was a slight improvement on their morning assessment and can be linked to the fact that, in many places, the queues had subsided and the polling process was smoother in the afternoon.”Voting procedures were generally observed to be followed correctly, which meant that important safeguards against multiple voting and intimidation such as checking fingers for ink, punching the voting card and voting in secret were in place.Long queues were a problem in many polling stations observed and led to disorder and tensions in around 10 percent of precincts. Some queues were caused by the late opening of the polling places, mostly due to the late arrival of either polling materials or staff.However, the majority of problems were caused by poor queue control, which was noted in 26 percent of polling places observed, and lack of clear identification of which polling place voters should go to. For instance, in Precinct 30097, Montserrado District 3, there were only two queue controllers for seven polling places. LEON Observers noted people leaving polling places without voting, and it is not known if they returned later and were able to exercise their right to vote.Gender VoteFrom the NEC gender control sheets in the polling places observed, approximately 52 percent of voters were women. There is thus the possibility that some men, who would not have had a preference in the queues, did not return to vote.Poor line management also led to tensions in the precincts affected. However, the tensions only spilled over into violence in 13 of the polling precincts where LEON observers were stationed, which indicated the commitment of Liberians to a peaceful process.Observers also reported interference by candidates or partisans in two precincts (33080 Nimba District 1 and 24003 Margibi District 4).LEON Observers noted that on the average two of the polling staff were women. However, the Presiding Officer was a woman in only one-fifth of polling places observed.“Polling staff followed procedures accurately and in full view of observers and party agents. However, they were often very meticulous, particularly during counting, which made the process very slow in some places.”A small number of voters were missing from the Final Registration Roll in half of polling places observed. These were allowed to vote if their voter ID card numbers fell within the range assigned to the polling place, in accordance with procedures and added to the supplementary voters’ list. A few polling places had much larger numbers added to the list, sometimes as many as a third of all people voting. Special categories of people, such as security services and people working with the NEC or observer groups were allowed to vote at a different polling precinct to where they had registered and would account for some of these additions to the supplementary register. However, there were strong indications that not all inaccuracies in the voters’ list were resolved by the NEC prior to the election.LEON conducted a person to list audit of the voter register during the week the Preliminary Registration Roll was exhibited and found that around 4 percent of the 3,033 voters checked were missing from the PRR.“We will continue to follow issues with the FRR through tallying and will give further analysis in the final report.”LEON noted that people still waited to vote in 78 polling places at 6.00 p.m., with the average being 37 people waiting.In Bong County, Precinct 06017, 370 people were still waiting to vote, but LEON can confirm that the polling place stayed open until 12:30 a.m. until they had all voted.Counting started immediately thereafter, in accordance with procedures, and finished at 7:30 a.m. on 11th.Observers reported that 99 percent of the counts observed were conducted correctly, with 99 percent offering a clear view of the process to party agents and observers. LEON commends the NEC for having extremely transparent counting procedures.About 92 percent of observers reported no irregularities or problems, and 91 percent rated the process as good or very good as a result. However, 5 percent of counts did not conduct the reconciliation of how many ballots were used prior to the opening of the ballot box and counting of ballots. Similarly, a record of count forms and the Presiding Officer’s worksheet were correctly completed in all but 4 percent of counts observed.It said there were problems in 31 counting places of party agents interfering in the process and 5 incidences of minor violence.Party agents were present during voting and/or counting in 97 percent polling places that LEON observed. Most commonly found were Unity Party (in 87 percent of polling places), ANC (84 percent), ALP (78 percent), LP (59 percent), CDC (55 percent), MOVEE (51 percent). Male party agents outnumbered women by 2 to 1 on the average. Unfortunately, party agents were reported to have tried to interfere in the process in 10 percent of polling places and 7 percent of counts observed.SecurityA security personnel was present at 96 percent of all polling stations and only on four occasions did security personnel enter a polling place when there was no disturbance.LEON also noted that security forces played a positive role during the campaign period with most of the 382 rallies observed being conducted peacefully.Physically Challenged, Elderly VotersPersons with disabilities were 84 percent of polling places and were assessed as accessible to elderly or disabled voters. However, in the large cities, many polling places were on the first floor and voters with disabilities were not always assigned to these and had to be carried up.The NEC is to be commended for printing tactile ballot guides for blind and partially sighted voters. These were present in polling stations for both presidential and representative ballots. LEON observers reported that blind voters were using the tactile ballot guides in half of all polling places. Most of the other polling places had no blind people come to vote indicating that blind voters frequently took up the option of voting for themselves. Voters can ask for assistance to vote from a person of their choice.LEON observers noted that in 7 percent of polling stations a member of the polling staff assisted the voter, which is contrary to procedures.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Road Safety Officer Eamonn Browne pictured with Mayor Frank McBrearty during a recent road safety campaign for children in DonegalDonegal County Council’s Road Safety Officer has won a major award for his work in promoting safety on the county’s roads.Eamonn Browne won the prestigious ‘Leading Lights in Road Safety Award” from the Road Safety Authortity.Eamonn, who has done trojan work in helping to reduce the number of people killed and injured on Donegal’s roads, will receive his award today at Farmleigh House. Speaking following the announcement, Seamus Neely, County Manager said he was delighted for Eamonn and that it was a fitting tribute to the hard work and dedication he has put into his job in the last 6 years with Donegal County Council.“This award recognises the innovative, creative and inspirational approach that Eamonn has brought to this post and in particular his skills in working with all the agencies involved in Road Safety at a local, regional and national level.“The success of the various Road Safety campaigns run in Donegal and in particular campaigns that have targeted audiences who are often hard to reach such as young men, is testament to the creative and unique approaches that have been taken by Eamonn in promoting road safety in Donegal,” he said.The Leading Lights in Road Safety Awards were introduced in 2008 to celebrate the outstanding efforts of people across Ireland to make roads safer for everyone. These awards provide a special opportunity for members of the public to honour the contribution of exceptional people who promote road safety in their communities.The Mayor of Donegal Cllr. Frank McBrearty joined with the County Manager in congratulating Eamonn on winning this award.“Initiatives such as the annual Road Safety Roadshow targeting approximately 3,000 young people each year and the crossborder Road Safety campaigns which see services on both sides of the border coming together to promote safety on our roads are great examples of Eamonn’s success as the Road Safety Officer in Donegal”.He added that “Eamonn Brown is a very worthy winner of this award and I am delighted for him”.Eamonn will travel to Farmleigh House in Dublin today to receive this award from the Road Safety Authority Chairman Mr. Gay Byrne. Speaking before leaving to collect the award Eamonn said “I am delighted to receive the RSA award for my work in road safety.“I have been very fortunate to work with dedicated Council Staff, Emergency Service personnel and the wider community whose commitment to improving road safety in Donegal has been second to none. Whilst improvements have been made in recent years more needs to be done and I hope this award can be used to inspire everyone to continue this important work.”MESSAGE GETTING THROUGH AS DONEGAL ROAD SAFETY OFFICER WINS MAJOR AWARD was last modified: December 12th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:awardCounty Manager Seamus NeelyDONEGAL ROAD SAFETY OFFICEREAMONN BROWNEROAD SAFETY AUTHORITY
zoomIllustration. Image Courtesy: Pixabay under CC0 Creative Commons license Danish shipping and logistics company DFDS has been awarded a contract by the UK government to provide additional ferry capacity in the North Sea.The UK Department for Transport awarded the contract to the ferry operator in order to prepare for “the possibility of severe congestion at and around UK ports from 29.3.2019, caused by increased border checks by European Union Member States”.As explained, a no-deal Brexit scenario could cause disruption at the Dover-Calais crossing to the supply of vital goods.Under the contract worth €47 million (USD 53.7 million), DFDS has agreed to provide additional capacity on Immingham – Cuxhaven, Immingham – Rotterdam, and Felixstowe – Rotterdam.The plan includes two further companies — Brittany Ferries and Seaborne Freight — and a total contract value for all three companies of GBP 103 million (USD 131.3 million).“As this is a matter for the UK Department for Transport to announce, we were unable to say anything on this before they had done so, and we also need to leave it to them to provide further details,” Henrik Tidblad, DFDS’ Commercial Fleet Director, said. Together with a team of internal and external resources he negotiated the contract.DFDS will secure the additional capacity primarily through moving around ships in its network and performing extra round trips.
Related Items:#magneticmedianews, #Pointe Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Bahamas, August 31, 2017 – Nassau – Government says it is mindful of the international chatter regarding new investment policies for China, but clarified in a statement today that those policies will have no impact on Bahamas-China relations and projects.The Ministry of Foreign Affairs admits, “These new rules laid out by China and revealed in mid-August, are aimed at governing overseas investments; specifically what China has called the “irrational” acquisitions of assets in industries ranging from real estate to hotels and entertainment.”Outlawed are investments in gambling and the sex industry. Property, hotel, film, entertainment and sports investments will now also be subject to restrictions but The Bahamas government is confident that projects like the #Pointe in Nassau are safe because, “such investments were approved developments.”They reportedly already considered the new stance China is taking on investments abroad. It had been reported, among other things, that The Bahamas government was being rushed by the Pointe developers to make various approvals so that the whole scheme would not be dashed by China’s new policies.#MagneticMediaNewsPhoto credit: The Bahamas Weekly
WILMINGTON, MA — The Wilmington Farmers Market will be open this Sunday, July 22, 2018, from 10am to 1pm, on the Swain Green, across from the Town Common, at 140 Middlesex Avenue.July 22 Farmers Market Lineup:Vendors:Arrowhead FarmBeads By BarbaraDeano’s PastaEmmett’s EdiblesEJ’s Fresh Grab & GoGaouette FarmHoney Pot Maple FarmKitteredge CandlesMagic of Yarrow BalloonsPolish Prince PerogiesPurple Carrot BreadRed Antler Apothecary Seafood ExpressSusan Anton LMTAdditional Pet-Themed Attractions:Andy Winther Dog Training featuring Dog Tricks & Demonstrations from 11am to 11:30amAsk Questions of Best Pets VeterinaryVisit the Billerica Cat Care Coalition at the Community TableMake a bird at the Kids TentMusic from John Lorentz & Anne SanstromLike Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedWhat To Expect At The Wilmington Farmers Market On July 21In “Community”What To Expect At The Wilmington Farmers Market On August 11In “Community”What To Expect At The Wilmington Farmers Market On July 28In “Community”
WOBURN, MA — Eileen C. (Gregoire) Marsan, 77, of Woburn, MA, passed away peacefully on January 22, 2019 at High Pointe Hospice in Haverhill, MA after a lengthy illness.Eileen was born January 28, 1941 in Malden, MA to the late Narcisse and Marion Gregoire and was raised in Everett, MA. She was a graduate of Cheverus High School in Malden and Bentley College in Waltham. She was a long-time resident of Woburn where she raised her family. Eileen had an entrepreneurial spirit where she held both a real estate license and owned a tax practice where, for many years, she provided tax preparation, tax planning, and personal financial planning services to her clients as an IRS registered tax preparer. Additionally, she cared for the less fortunate and had previously worked for the Boston Housing Authority where she helped obtain funding to rebuild homes in various Boston neighborhoods.Eileen was a long-time parishioner at the Trinity Episcopal Church in Woburn where, among things, she was a Sunday school teacher for many years. Eileen also volunteered as Girl Scout leader in Wilmington for four years. Eileen was a loving and caring person, never seeking attention, whose lasting legacy was the wide range of people in her life she touched.She is survived by her son, Paul Marsan, of Woburn and granddaughter, Jacy Higgins, of Braintree, MA. She’s also survived by her brother Neil Gregoire Sr. and his wife Laurie of Arizona, her ‘adopted’ son, Mark Donovan, and her step children: Jennifer, Jill, Michael and Sean, and other family members and friends. She was the mother of the late Jeannette Marsan and sister of the late Jean Conte.We would like to give special thanks to the staff at High Pointe Hospice for all their care and support to Eileen and her family.A memorial service to celebrate Eileen’s life is pending, and will be announced later.(NOTE: The above obituary is from Arthur Graham Funeral Home.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com. Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedOBITUARY: Paul L. D’Eon, 83In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: Eileen Quirke Neville, 91In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: Deborah A. Clark, 66In “Obituaries”
BEML, the state-run public sector undertaking under the ministry of defence, informed stock exchanges on Friday that the government has decided to offload 26 percent stake in the company, bringing the shareholding down to 28 percent.Read: Govt to divest stake in BEML, Pawan Hans, Hindustan Newsprint, other PSUsThe Indian government currently holds 54.03 percent in the Bengaluru-based company that makes metro coaches, mining and construction equipment and defence products (Tatra vehicles used by Indian Army).”We hereby inform that the government of India, ministry of defence, has communicated ‘in-principle’ of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) of the government of India for strategic disinvestment of 26 percent equity shares in BEML Limited…,” the company said in a regulatory filing to the BSE on Friday.The BEML stock closed at Rs 993 on Friday on the BSE, down 0.62 percent from its previous close. The stake sale is expected to realise about Rs 1,000 crore for the government. The BSE Sensex closed 119 points lower at 26,759.For the financial year 2015-16, the company’s sales stood at Rs 3,426 crore while the order book position as of November 30 2016 was Rs 7,261 crore.Mutual Funds hold 18.64 percent while retail shareholding is about 10 percent in BEML.The disinvestment proceeds for the current fiscal stood at Rs 23,528 crore as against the target of Rs 56,500 crore comprising strategic stake sale of Rs 20,500 crore and Rs 36,000 crore disinvestment in central public sector enterprises (CPSEs).”During the current financial year 2016-17, the Government has so far realized Rs.23528.73 crore, which include Rs.21,432.38 crore through minority stake sale in 14 CPSEs and Rs. 2096.35 crore through strategic disinvestment. The total realization of Rs. 21,432.38 crore, by end-November 2016 through CPSEs’ disinvestment receipts, constitutes around 59.53 per cent of the Budgeted Target of Rs. 36,000 crore (CPSEs’ disinvestment),” the finance ministry said in an update on Tuesday (January 3 2017).
MoviePass CEO Mitch Lowe said he misspoke at a recent industry conference in describing the kinds of data the company tracks on its users — and he emphasized that the startup will always allow customers to opt in to location-based marketing offers in the future.Last week, MoviePass removed a feature from its iOS app that would have let the company continuously track the location of customers. That came after Lowe’s comments at an entertainment finance conference in L.A. the week prior boasting about the wealth of personal data MoviePass aggregates on customers.“We get an enormous amount of information,” he said March 2 at Winston Baker’s Entertainment Finance Forum. The MoviePass app tracks users “in your GPS by the phone… so we watch how you drive from home to the movies. We watch where you go afterwards, and so we know the movies you watch. We know all about you. We don’t sell that data. What we do is we use that data to market film.” Meanwhile, the startup has encountered resistance from some theater chains, including AMC Theatres. MoviePass says its service is now accepted at more than 91% of theaters across the U.S.After initially launching the service starting at $30 per month, MoviePass cut its monthly pricing to $9.95 last summer. Then in February, it introduced a plan that works out to $7.95 per month (for customers who pay $115.35 for one year, which includes a $19.95 processing fee). MoviePass subscribers may see up to one movie per day at participating theaters, with certain restrictions.According to MoviePass, the company currently buys around 6% of all domestic movie tickets. Lowe predicts it will be buying around 20% of all tickets by the end of this year.MoviePass sold a majority ownership stake to data firm Helios and Matheson Analytics for $27 million last summer. Other investors in the New York-based company have included Lowe, True Ventures, NALA Investments, WME, and former Facebook chief privacy officer Chris Kelly. In an interview with Variety on Monday, Lowe said he was mistaken about what data the MoviePass app actually collected. “I said something completely inaccurate as far as what we are doing,” he said. “We only locate customers when they use the app.”He added, “If you get in your car and drive five miles, we don’t know where you are or where you are going.”The MoviePass app checks the location of a user only on two different occasions, according to Lowe: when they’re checking for a participating theater in their area and when they check in to a theater (to verify their credit card).MoviePass made the update to the iOS app in consultation with Apple. Previously, the app gave users Apple’s three standard privacy options: never track; track when using the app; and always track. Lowe said the app never activated the “track all the time” capability. “We never used it, and it was confusing to have it there,” Lowe said.In the future, MoviePass envisions building out “this whole ‘night at the movies,’” to give customers recommendations of what to do before or after seeing a movie — for example, getting a special offer from a nearby restaurant. “When we do that, if we do that, we’ll send a request to each customer to let them opt in or opt out,” Lowe said.As far as the information MoviePass shares with exhibitors and studios, Lowe said that data is completely anonymized. “There’s never any personal information” shared with partners, he said. “We never reveal any information that will let them know who bought what.”According to Lowe, about “half a dozen” customers said they canceled their service over the privacy concerns. “It’s not a huge number,” he said.MoviePass currently has about 2 million subscribers, and Lowe has predicted that it will top 5 million by the end of 2018. But many industry observers are skeptical that MoviePass’ model is sustainable — given that the New York-based startup subsidizes moviegoing at a substantial loss.The company’s plan has been to generate additional revenue by sharing customer-viewing data it collects in deals with studios, exhibitors and other potential partners. Popular on Variety ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15
Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — The many ways in which water differs from other molecules is both a scientific curiosity and an important factor in shaping the Earth. Among water’s unique properties are that it expands when it freezes, it boils and freezes at higher temperatures than expected for a compound with its molecular structure, and it has the ability to absorb large amounts of heat without getting hot. In a recent study, scientists have investigated another unique phenomenon of water called regelation, which occurs when frozen water – or ice – melts under high pressures, even if the temperature is below freezing. Once the pressure is lifted, the water refreezes. The scientists, Teemu Hynninen from the Tampere University of Technology and the Aalto University School of Science and Technology in Finland, as well as coauthors from Finland, Canada, and the US, have performed simulations of the pressure-induced melting of ice by cutting a block of ice with a nanowire. The experiment is similar to a classic experiment performed over a century ago in which scientists demonstrated that a thin, weighted wire could slowly pass through an ice block due to the pressure it exerts on the ice. In the new study, the scientists simulated a nanowire, whose diameter was on the scale of the water molecules, to investigate the molecular-level mechanisms responsible for regelation.“We decided to study the wire-cutting experiment because it has historical signifigance, it is conceptually simple, and it hadn’t been studied on the microscopic scale,” Hynninen told PhysOrg.com. “In this case, we have a wire moving through ice (instead of sliding on it like in normal friction), and the motion is governed by complicated interplay between the wire and the liquid and solid phases of water.” In the simulations, the nanowire is depicted as a string of beads that interact with the H2O molecules. When these beads exert a pressure on the H2O molecules, they break the hydrogen bonds between the oxygen atom of one molecule and the hydrogen atom of another molecule. This breaks the ice lattice structure and transforms the solid ice into liquid water, allowing the nanowire to move through the water, even though the temperature is below freezing. As the scientists explain, the critical point at which the nanowire melts the ice can be thought of as a depinning transition, which generally refers to the yield point of a solid under stress. The simulations showed that this critical point depends on the type of wire used. The scientists compared two types of nanowires – hydrophilic, i.e., a wire whose surface attracts water, and hydrophobic, i.e., a wire whose surface repels water – and found that the wires moved differently through the ice after the depinning transition. Copyright 2010 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. The difference is due to the nanowires’ different structural properties, which causes them to interact differently with the surrounding water molecules. The hydrophilic nanowire exhibits a continuous transition at depinning, where the water can easily flow around it, allowing for smooth movement through the ice block. The hydrophobic wire, on the other hand, exhibits a discontinuous transition, where the water builds up thickly on one side of the nanowire. This wire can only move once the water layer builds up high enough so that it reaches the top of the wire, at which point it flows down the other side into a small void, allowing the nanowire to cut through the ice. As the scientists explain, this behavior is somewhat counterintuitive, since a hydrophobic wire might be expected to move more quickly through water than a hydrophilic one due to the latter’s closer water contact and increased friction. However, in this case, the hydrophobic wire’s resistance to water causes it to be partly obstructed by solid ice, giving it more resistance to movement than the hydrophilic wire.“The physically most interesting result we found is that there is a clear difference between the hydrophobic and hydrophilic wires in the way they depin, i.e., how they start moving as the driving force increases,” Hynninen said. “Although the nanowire we use here is a very simple object, our work shows that small structures in contact with water and ice may exhibit unexpected, complicated behavior.” This qualitative understanding and the additional detail provided by the simulations demonstrates how the pressure-induced melting of ice depends on the wetting properties of the object – in this case, the nanowire – applying the pressure. The molecular-scale mechanisms that explain this unique property of water could allow scientists to better understand how the pressure-induced melting and freezing of water has helped shape the Earth. For example, the phenomenon of regelation acts in systems such as glaciers, allowing pressurized ice sheets to flow around obstacles.“This study is basic research, not aimed to solve any particular problem,” Hynninen said. “Having said that, the work is part of a bigger project on the friction of ice at the nanoscale, and there the applications are more obvious. The slipperiness of ice and wet surfaces are significant issues in, e.g., transportation, and better understanding of these phenomena at the microscopic level could help design coatings or microstructures with desired frictional properties for tires, shoes, sports equipment, etc.” Researchers study how ice melts in contact with soil More information: Teemu Hynninen, et al. “Cutting Ice: Nanowire Regelation.” Physical Review Letters 105, 086102 (2010). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.086102 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Scientists investigate how ice melts below freezing due to nanowire’s pressure (2010, September 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-09-scientists-ice-due-nanowire-pressure.html This figure shows how hydrophilic and hydrophobic nanowires move differently through ice: the liquid easily flows around the hydrophilic wire, but builds up on one side of the hydrophobic wire. Image credit: Teemu Hynninen, et al. ©2010 The American Physical Society.