Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStock(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Wednesday’s sports events: MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALLINTERLEAGUENY Mets 14, Minnesota 4Baltimore 9, Washington 2Arizona 19, Texas 4AMERICAN LEAGUEOakland 10, Seattle 2Boston 5, Toronto 4Cleveland 7, Detroit 2Kansas City 7, Chi White Sox 5Houston 11, LA Angels 2Tampa Bay at NY Yankees — postponedNATIONAL LEAGUESt. Louis 6, Pittsburgh 5Milwaukee 5, Atlanta 4Chi Cubs 5, Cincinnati 2San Francisco 11, Colorado 8San Diego 3, Miami 2LA Dodgers 7, Philadelphia 2WOMEN’S NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION PLAYOFFSChicago 77, Atlanta 76Phoenix 69, Dallas 64Seattle 90, Minnesota 79MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCERAtlanta 5, Houston 0Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Beau Lund July 18, 2019 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 7/17/19
The JCC of Bayonne Sr. Division Floor Hockey program launched into it 2017 “Championship Tournament” with a highly anticipated playoff about between the (5-3) Penguins and the (2-6) Devils. Adding to the drama was a final week regular season 6-5 Devils’ victory which knocked the Penguins out of the top seed and forced this playoff rematch. Playing their best hockey of the season thus far, the Penguins and Devils stayed scoreless for over twenty five minutes. The stars of the show were clearly the defenses as Aaliyana Cifuentes in net with Kailey Delauter and Anthony Baez entrenched for the Devils, mirrored the intensity of Ezekiel Lupainez, Nicholas DePinto and goal tender Zachary Clesmelewski as they stepped up for the Penguins. As both squads searched for any kink in the other team’s armor, the Penguins’ Drew Radil zeroed in with a half court scoring strike. Up 1-0, the Penguins quickly went on the attack again as Megan Feely made it a 2-0 Penguin advantage with a goal off a Mariam Rasslan assist. With the scoreless donnybrook a distant memory, the Devils shuffled the deck in hopes of sparking their offense and the fix paid off as Alejandro and Aaliyana Cifuentes zipped in goals with Kyle O’Hara getting into the assist column. Knotted at 2-2, the Penguins landed another half court bullseye as Drew Radil dropped in another scoring bomb. Down 3-2 with less than two minutes left to play, the Devils’ Ethan Bustamantes blasted in the game tying goal to force a “sudden death” overtime. Traveling like a runaway train both teams kept the packed house on the edge of their seats with one amazing play after another. At the 6 minute mark in overtime, the Penguins finally ended the epic battle with one more long distance net jet by Drew Radil to move on to the “Gold Medal” round with a 4-3 O.T. win.
Dave Roberts, Lucy BaylemDawn FoodsSweet bakery specialist Dawn Foods has promoted Dave Roberts to national account controller for the UK, from his previous role as national account manager.Roberts will report to the commercial director for Europe and be responsible for spearheading growth in finished products, working closely with customers to build long-term partnerships.Roberts has 30 years’ experience in the food industry and 15 years’ sales management experience in the sweet bakery sector, working with all major UK retailers.Dawn Foods has also appointed Lucy Baylem as bakery technician for its Evesham site. Baylem joins after gaining professional qualifications in Bakery Cake Decoration and Sugar Flowers. Her role includes producing samples of Dawn’s American sweet bakery products for customers across Europe.John Adams, Doug RobertsonFood from BritainJohn Adams, former chief executive of the Rural Development Service and acting director general for Living Land and Seas, has taken up the post of interim chief executive of Food from Britain (FFB).He succeeds David McNair, who took early retirement in May. Lady Sylvia Jay, chairman of FFB, said Adams’ wealth of experience made him an ideal person to move the organisation’s work forward.FFB has also appointed Doug Robertson as vice-president of sales and marketing for its Canadian operation FFB North America. He was formerly head of sales at Canadian distributor SunOpta.Mark Hand, Michaela Lewis, Paul Bloomfield, Joanne Bass, Michelle Hughes, Kevin OramBrace’sIndependent Welsh baker Brace’s is strengthening its team to help support a planned expansion into south-west England.Mark Hand has joined as head of transport and distribution, having spent 17 years at Safeway as head of transport, while Michaela Lewis has secured the role of transport co-ordinator following two years at the Freight Transport Association.Paul Bloomfield has joined the firm as an assistant accountant charged with accounting for production at both the firm’s Gwent bakeries, while Joanne Bass assumes the role of school visitor. She is working towards her MSc in public health and health promotion. Her duties will include redesigning the school presentation materials, healthy eating advice and recipes for Brace’s website and visiting schools.Michelle Hughes has been promoted to the new role of head of communications and Kevin Oram to the role of driving trainer.Chris BakerCobellFruit ingredients supplier Cobell has appointed Chris Baker to head up a new aseptic packaging facility, which opened last month.Cobell joins from soft drinks producer Bottlegreen and will be responsible for ensuring the facility reaches its full potential. He is aiming to get British Retail Consortium and Soil Association accreditations for the plant.
If you want to maximise the number of customers walking through your doors and get them to return time and time again, then you really need to understand why they are visiting you and what they want from their visit. him! has just spoken to over 1,300 coffee chain customers at Costa Coffee, Caffè Nero, Coffee Republic and Starbucks outlets.The majority of customers (40%) say they are there to relax or take a break. So you need to make sure you have the right seating and atmosphere for customers to enjoy their refreshment and choose your outlet to get the relaxing break they want.But you do not want customers hanging around all day without buying another drink or something to eat. If customers have been there a long time then check on them to see if they would like another drink or something to eat. They may just not want to leave their shopping bags or belongings in order to get up and get another drink. Many customers would buy another drink if they were asked by staff.One-third of coffee chain customers said they were there for a snack between meals. So ensure you have the right snack options, such as confectionery, crisps and muffins.Seven per cent of customers are there for breakfast do you have the right range of morning goods, such as croissants, muffins and pastries on display? And don’t forget the healthy option, such as prepared fruit salad bowls or single-item fruits for that impulse buy.Six per cent are there for lunch. If you cannot offer fresh sandwiches, which take more time to prepare, could you offer quality pre-packed sandwiches, pasties or salads? Don’t forget the crisps and soft drinks to go with it. Offer a meal deal 14% of customers say they will be buying more meal deals in the next 12 months due to the recession.Five per cent are there for an evening meal again make sure that there are fresh sandwiches, pasties or salad bowls available.Four per cent are at the coffee chain for a treat this is a time for these customers to be indulgent, so make sure you have enough cake and muffins. Eighty-four per cent of customers say they do not have a budget to stick to when visiting a coffee chain, so that is a great opportunity to tempt customers to buy a piece of cake or large hot chocolate.Just 3% of customers are there to meet with friends or family, but do you incentivise them with offers such as buy any two adult drinks and get a kid’s drink free?Only 2% of customers are there for work or a business meeting, but the coffee shop can be the perfect place to hold an informal meeting outside peak hours. Do you offer wifi to encourage the lucrative business market into your outlet? Could you also offer local businesses the opportunity to phone ahead and order a round of coffees? And during quieter times of the day, can you offer to deliver their order to them?
Good morning.I’m deeply honoured to have been invited to talk to you this morning, to such an esteemed, situationally aware and well-informed audience. It is such a pleasure not to have to explain that when I’m talking about championing the Global Goals, I’m not talking about Panama 4-0.The video that you have just seen flows from the work we have done to relaunch and reset UK aid so that it better delivers the Global Goals.So it is fit for purpose in a fast changing diplomatic and economic landscape.And so that it also works in the national interest.This was done very deliberately to respond to the public concerns about how we have operated UK aid in the past, based on the public’s views and on the values that they hold dear.Not just to persuade them that we are doing a good thing, but to actually give them a stake in it.To reconnect them with what they enable. To earn their trust in our action. And to make them proud of their country.In my speech today I will briefly recap what we have done to achieve that.How we are changing and how we are changing what we do.And also resetting our work across government.So UK aid can deliver for the whole of Whitehall. And the whole of Whitehall can deliver the Global Goals.But I will also tell you why our reforms cannot stop at Whitehall. Because if they do we will not have understood the opportunity or potential ambition for Global Britain or the necessity of radical reform in how one HMG operates to deliver it.And why ultimately public approval for UK aid matters so much.But I am going to start by telling you why Global Britain matters.At your conference you will contemplate some of the world’s greatest challenges for our generation.Sometimes they seem overwhelming.How to achieve peace and stability in the Middle East.Ending extreme poverty in Africa.To deliver the Global Goals from which we are so far adrift.Other challenges that you perhaps might not examine today – global health security and antimicrobial resistance.The need to cope with more extreme weather events.The challenges of ensuring that new technology is a force for good.Protecting the environment and biodiversity, dealing with the consequences of climate change.The sobering realisation that the challenges and crises that we face today are largely man-made – conflict, crime, corruption.And a fast approaching migration crisis of epic proportions.A growing number of displaced and stateless people.The demand for more livelihoods just at a time when robots are making people redundant.And this is against the backdrop of the good old reliable rules based order being altogether less dependable.As are some old friends and allies.And when we have the emergence of new powers and superpowers who will have an increasing say on how the world is run, with which we need to forge new relationships and have a new offer.The challenge of China, the threat from Russia.The ever changing shape of violent extremism and terrorism.Cyber threats.Organised crime, the drugs trade, the scourge of modern slavery.All that woe.The need for a strategy and an action plan to cope with all of that is magnified for our citizens through the prism of social media, which demands the impossible from its politicians – immediate and simple answers to complex, long-burn challenges.And we look weak.We look ineffective.And amidst all of this we have Brexit.There is a sense.Just at a time when the world should be pulling together. We are pulling things apart. The world seems to be falling apart.I know that is how it feels. And how it feels matters.It affects our ambition. It affects what we believe is possible. It affects our direction as a nation.So I want you to feel better. I want to cheer you up.The world is improving. By any standards, or any research, the world is actually becoming a better place.Over the last few decades we have reduced global poverty by around a billion people, largely thanks to the liberalisation of trade. In 1990 almost 50% more of the world’s children are now in school.We have become more resilient, more able to withstand natural disasters. Since 1990 almost 50% more of the world’s children are now in school.Health has improved dramatically. People are living longer – the number of children dying before their fifth birthday has almost halved from 12 million since 1990. We have the ability to halt Ebola, and plague and famine.And there will shortly be a proud day, in the not too distant future, when UK aid and British Rotarians finally eradicate polio.Yes, the Rotarians. That global network of 1.2 million neighbours, friends, leaders, problem-solvers, who want a world where people unite and take action and create lasting change across the globe, in our communities, and in ourselves.There is goodwill towards the multilateral system, as demonstrated by the landmark deal agreed earlier this year to secure additional resources and reforms to the World Bank. The UK played a pivotal role in securing that deal, which will lead to an increased focus on the poorest and most fragile.With new technology we have breathtaking possibilities. New solutions to old problems. And a faster way of finding those who can help. One piece of child birthing kit, which helps babies stuck in the birth canal, saving them and their mothers, was invented by an Argentinian car mechanic, who heard about the problem from one of our tech call outs. He said, “Do you know what I’ve got something in the back that will fix it”, and he did, and he will save thousands of lives.There is growing democracy and human rights across the world. Women, LGBT, minority rights are improving. Sometimes too slowly. But they are improving.We could even see the first signs of a move towards peace in Afghanistan.So as you contemplate the challenges facing the world today you should remember how far we’ve come.That is important because we seem to lack confidence about the future.The problem is that all of that good news is eclipsed by what appears to be a crisis of leadership in the West. People feel let down by their leaders and their institutions. With good reason, mind you!We’ve had the banking crisis in 2008. Institutions methodically pulling the rug out under the feet of wealth-creating entrepreneurs in order to keep their own balance sheet strong.Big business cheating the consumer.The vehicle emissions scandal, the failure of regulations, the failure to protect the consumer.And my own sector has not been immune from this. Many charities have lost support from hard-working donors and life-long believers due to incompetence, or extravagance, or the tolerance of predatory behaviour towards the most world’s vulnerable people.In recent times, our politics has sometimes failed to lead those it serves. This is true overseas as it is at home. The consensus seems to have melted away.Despite the British public’s generosity towards people on the other side of the world that they will never meet, despite their understanding of the global connections upon which our own health, peace, security and prosperity depends, they are sceptical about how their political leaders are spending their money.It’s not a lack of logic or a lack of love that causes scepticism about the aid budget – it is a lack of trust.They have had similar feelings about our foreign policy- that it has failed to understand the long-term consequences of a chosen course of action.And, as we know, there is a view that the executive can no longer be trusted to deploy Her Majesty’s armed forces without a parliament check.Cynicism and pessimism prevails. Love is in short supply. It is easier to give up than try. Or better still, let’s not start at all. Better to disengage, better to retreat. To save our resource, to save our energy. Protectionism, tied aid, populism appear a much safer bet.Have we lost confidence in our own ability and right to exercise hard and soft power? Have we forgotten why we have the values that we do?Why free trade and freedom matter? Are we afraid of the future?As we leave the EU we need to get our mojo back. And that is why the people of this country want a vision set out.What is Britain’s role in the world? What is it that we are trying to get done? How will we do it? What will Brexit look like? What will Global Britain look like? And what does it mean for me?They apparently don’t want a ‘safer bet’. They said “no thanks” to that during the referendum.They want to be part of a nation that does have the inclination and ability to act, to influence, to deter, and to intervene. Even when that means us standing alone.Brexit was a vote of self-determination of confidence and hope. And its successful delivery will be too.We want the public to have confidence and trust in our international relations. They want the country and the world, to pull together for their children’s sake. They want to unite behind a vision and they want to help.It is in our national psyche to come together and to get stuck in. Our greatest accomplishments have been driven by that courage and that care. Courage and care.To fight, whether with arms, or knowledge or science or discovery, argument or compassion against evil, against hunger, and disease and tyranny for humanity’s sake.We are strong because we are leaders.There will be people who look at the disagreements in our politics and in our international institutions and groupings, and say we are divided and weak.Thinking differently is not a weakness. On the contrary, there are many countries around the world where there is no debate, no disagreement, no alternative opinion. Those disagreements are actually a sign of great strength.It is the very reason why democracies and democratic organisations are strong. That’s why democracies always, always beat dictatorships in the long-run.So if our old friends and allies seem a little unreliable, or our parliament a little fraught – I urge you not to lose faith in them.We are strong because we are a democracy and because we embrace international rules.We believe in democracy because it values diversity. Everyone gets a vote. It is one manifestation of our nation’s unselfish values. We believe in sharing, in helping. We volunteer, we pay tax. We donate millions to charities and DEC appeals and UK aid is the pragmatic manifestation of that love.There will be people who say our actions are outdated, unfit for a changing world.I say we are strong because of our values, we are strong because we are capable.Just think about the incredible response to our diplomatic efforts in the wake of the Salisbury attack.The esteem in which the UK is held as a development superpower.And that our Armed Forces are still the prototype others seek to emulate, and the defence partner of choice.That’s what our nation does.And that means our nation is a protector. It’s a wealth bringer. A capacity builder. A problem solver. A life-saver. And a peace broker. A commonwealth member. A global 0.7, 2 per cent nation. At a time when the interests of other nations is so diverse.At a time when the world is changing so fast.We are the game changer nation.What other nation has so much to offer to so many?We are strong because we are capable and we are relevant.Global Britain is the margin of victory in delivering the Global Goals and a more peaceful, prosperous and secure world.So we better make sure we do.That has been the motivation for our rethink at DFID.To restore faith, to regain that mojo, to be ready to help our nation embrace that opportunity.In January, I outlined a new higher spending bar for the department. From now on aid money will not just be spent well but we will show that it could not be better spent.We must do the most good with the money that we have and that means effective aid spending, but also if we can achieve that and help the national interest in a more direct way, then we will do so.This has led to more co-designed and co-funded projects with other government departments.We are looking at how UK Aid can work with the Ministry of Defence to support stability and development overseas, in support of national security objectives. We are exploring ideas, such as peacekeeping, disaster relief training for UK and overseas military personnel, and realising the benefits of more joint training.We should work towards greater cooperation – maximising the most benefit for our nation from our respective budgets, and we should be sweating those taxpayer-funded assets.We are working with the Department for Work and Pensions to make the International Citizenship Service deliver the skills and confidence boost to help disadvantaged UK young people get into work.And with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs we are funding projects to protect the environment, to tackle the scourge of plastics in our oceans and protect endangered species.With trade we are developing a new Brexit ready offer created by both departments and this will connect all we have to offer with the opportunities to invest abroad.With Health we are developing new treatments and combating antimicrobial resistance.By funding things that will support the British people or causes that they care passionately about, we do not dilute the good aid does, we double it. We will seek a win for the developing world and a win for the UK in all we do.Funding decisions will also take into account what nations can afford to spend on their own people and whether they actually do. The World Bank is developing a new Human Capital Index which will help quantify this for the first time, and Bill Gates and I are its first champions.We are moving from a project-based approach to methodically capacity building in developing nations. We want the healthcare programs to yield healthcare systems for the long run.My first action as Secretary of State was to set up a new unit to help nations collect tax, and part of our new development offer is a greater effort and the tools to combat illicit money flows and capital flight.And we will not fund things that others can.I have spoken also about the reforms that we need to deliver our new offer and our new approach.The UK’s commitment to spend seven pence out of every £10 of income on the world’s poorest people is absolutely in line with our national values and our national interest.But we need to ensure that how we are meeting the 0.7 is sensible and works for the British public in the long term, so we are focused on ensuring that there is nothing that hinders the most effective use of those funds.We are working with Treasury to ensure that our compliance with that world-leading pledge is done in the most effective way possible. And we will continue to push for reform of the DAC rules where we think they prevent spending on legitimate humanitarian missions and that counting as ODA.We have won the argument regarding doubling the proportion of our UN peacekeeping costs that count as ODA and we are winning the argument that countries that slide back into poverty can be ODA eligible again.Within Whitehall, we will continue to work with Treasury and other government departments to ensure we are spending our aid money in the most effective and efficient way possible.In March, I chaired my first Ministerial group of all government departments that spend ODA, to raise the quality, consistency and coherence of spending along the principles of good quality aid spent in the national interest pursuing of the Global Goals.DFID is also working closely with the Cabinet Office to support the strategy and governance of the cross government ODA funds; the Prosperity Fund and the CSSF.These structures together with a maturing NSC, with a fusion philosophy, will ensure that the tools of hard and soft power are used coherently, strategically and effectively.In April I announced the largest shift in what DFID does and how it will do it in that department’s history, which will ensure that we are providing a comprehensive response to the development challenges of the future, dealing with both the direct and indirect causes of poverty.This will include a clear focus on Africa where DFID, the FCO and others work jointly to deliver a new partnership.We will step up our engagement with the world’s financial centres – critical hubs that determine how money flows into and out of the developing world.We are investigating whether our own impact is limited by the financial instruments that are currently available to us. For example, is there a case for using new aid instruments such as sovereign lending?We are looking closely at the development needs of a wide range of countries that have transitioned out of extreme poverty in recent years, but still face challenges, particularly of growth and job creation. We need to work with these countries to build their markets so they can grow.And as the world relies more on the economies of countries such as China to drive growth, we are looking at how to deepen our partnership with them as their global impact on the rules-based international system and global public goods increases.In the Middle East, we will continue to respond generously to meet humanitarian needs in Yemen and in Syria, but we will shift relationships with countries like Jordan and Lebanon to increase stability, reduce conflict and build resilience – because it’s in their interest and it’s in our interest too.So DFID is changing, and we are helping Whitehall get the most impact from ODA, but we mare going to go much further still.We have taken a conscious and methodical approach to break down the silos.So one HMG can be truly effective.Around 60 of my team are embedded with the Department for Trade to form a joint team responsible for shaping the UK’s future trade arrangements with developing countries.FCO secondees sit in our building.From the start of my tenure I have chosen to take my entire ministerial team to Foreign Office prayers, their weekly ministerial meeting. And I have spent time with the leadership team of ambassadors, trade envoys and diplomats in the UK service.We have had a joint executive board with the DIT.I am mapping key planning decisions in internationally facing government departments, and when they are taken. So the decisions we take, whether in programmes or replenishments are the best informed and the most impactful.My goal was to replicate the tight-knit country teams we see in our embassies and missions around the world here in Whitehall.There have long been calls for this close working and I am proud that its my department DFID, which has reach and relevance, into every government department, that is delivering that culture change.I know people get very excited about the machinery of government, but where the real action is lies beyond Whitehall.Because although government can be a catalyst, an enabler, it is not government that will deliver Global Britain.It is the sum of what we as a nation have to offer.It is our town-halls, our great cities, our business and entrepreneurs, our technology, our science base, our education institutions, our creative law, our tax inspectors.I’m tempted to say, Harry Kane’s right boot. Harry Kane’s left boot.The city of London, our civil society and our social enterprises, our faith and community groups.Of the five priorities I announced in that reset of UK aid earlier this year, the fifth was the Great Partnership.At the same time as we unite Whitehall around a more coherent ODA offer, we will unite the nation behind a national mission, in the national interest.Global Britain delivering Global Goals. To connect all our nation has to all that it can help.And that is why the trust of the British public in what we do with their money to help the world’s poorest is critical.Because we want them to help. Because without their help, without their talents, without their entrepreneurial spirit, their business opportunities, their inventions, their discoveries and without connecting all citizens with those elsewhere in the world who share their ambitions we will not deliver those ambitions.Global Britain is about looking out into the world and seizing the opportunities that come from those freedoms we gain by leaving the EU.But it also needs to be about our own communities and organisations, businesses, charities, institutions and the people that make them.DFID is already doing this through UK aid match, and our new small grants programme. The diversification of our suppliers and other initiatives give us a good base to work from. But we will go much further, working strategically with big business, and building networks of entrepreneurs, civil society, and community groups, to connect them with people and opportunities.So as well as seeing us in places like Singapore and Dubai in the future you will also see DFID in Belfast and Glasgow and Newcastle and in fact every region of the UK, talking to local businesses who are keen to bring their expertise and skills to help the world’s poorest. As part of a cross-government commercial approach, my teams have already been to Birmingham, Leeds and Cardiff to discuss how businesses there can apply for DFID funding.This is about harnessing all we have to offer as a nation and the spirit of our times to tackle the remaining challenges of our times.That is why the public’s view of the strategy and execution of our diplomacy, our development assistance and our defence of this nation is critical.Because they are critical to its delivery. Because the world needs their leadership. And their humanity.Want a vision for Global Britain? Then look at the people of this country, look at who we are.Courageous, compassionate, committed to democracy. And with those values, just think what we can become.Thank you.
Brooklyn-based rockers Woolly Mammals continue to make a name for themselves, rising up the ranks through their exciting original music and truly fun live performances. The band has a self-described sound that comes across as the love child of Frank Ocean and a Nintendo 64, but they’ve also been compared to groups like Vulfpeck, Daft Punk, Prince and more. It’s that funky groove-laden music that keeps listeners coming back for more!The band consists of Will Sacks (Vocoder Bass), Noah Ross (Guitar and Sub Guitar), Kyle McCarter (Drums) and Andrew Koehler (Keyboard). The Vocoder Bass allows for Will Sacks to both sing and play bass simultaneously, creating a unique effect. Says Sacks, “As Noah is playing both guitar and bass at the same time, I have freedom to combine what what I’m singing with what I’m playing on bass.” The full effect can only truly be appreciated in real time, which certainly informed their decision to head to the studio for a live video session.Woolly Mammals put their electric soul to the test at the Peter Karl Studios in Brooklyn, which included a performance of their song “Moonrise” in a single take. Sacks talks about the structure of the song, saying “The real heart of ‘Moonrise’ comes from its sweet, soulful melody tugging against its hypnotic latin groove. It’s a breakup song about expectations, and the overall structure mirrors its message. We have two very different approaches between a flowing, melancholy melody and the stubborn, aggressive rhythm section, and it becomes about watching the two sides duke it out.”He continues, explaining the song’s meaning. “‘Moonrise’ is a meditation on unmet expectations—waking up to realize who exactly shares your bed. Recently, the relationship in ‘Moonrise’ has come into focus for me as a microcosm of our current social and political climate. The bridge is the culmination of the narrator’s howling anguish: wordless, indescribable, and urgent.”Watch the footage of Woolly Mammals rocking out to “Moonrise” in the studio, streaming exclusively on L4LM via the video below!For more from Woolly Mammals, be sure to follow along on Facebook.
This past weekend marked the end of the legendary Del McCoury Band’s Get On The Bus Tour, the 78-year-old Grammy Award-winning musician’s longest multi-venue tour since 1999. A professional bluegrass musician since his start with Bill Monroe’s Blue Grass Boys in 1963, Del has been playing in the scene for almost as long as there has been a scene. We sat down with Del and heard his opinions on the current state of bluegrass music, his surprise sit-in at Telluride Bluegrass Festival, his recent collaboration with Trey Anastasio, and the changes he’s seen in the genre over the long course of his career.Live For Live Music: Tomorrow is the last night of your longest tour in almost twenty years. How has it been so far, and what inspired you to “get on the bus” and hit the road so hard this year?Del McCoury: My manager inspired me. [Laughs] But yeah, he just said I’m gonna set up a tour before the end of the year. We’re in Denver now, just got here today. We’re doing two nights here and then we fly home and the bus goes back to California. It’s been good so far. My voice held up! We played Aspen and then last night we played in Steamboat Springs. The altitude takes me a little while to get there—my voice wants to crack and pop and stuff like that. But then after a little while, it straightens out and I can do the whole ninety-minute show no problem. You know, just keep going!Del McCoury Keeps It All In The Family For Fall Tour Closer In DenverL4LM: With so many different projects under your belt like your work with David Grisman, your own solo performances, and with the Del McCoury Band, how does the way you go into performances change? DM: It really doesn’t because once I get the band introduced, they’ll do a song or play an instrumental, and then I just ask for requests, so I guess it’s up to the audience what we do for our show! When I’m with David [Grisman]—the Dawg—we have a certain number of songs that we do. With my band, we don’t. We might open the show with a certain number or two, something new, maybe that folks haven’t heard before from the latest thing we did. For the most part, from that point on, we just do requests completely until the end of the show.We never have a setlist, you know, and that makes it more interesting for the audience, for me, and for the band. Sometimes, they’ll request songs that I recorded thirty years ago and I think, “I wonder if I know this?”, but the band does! They know everything that I’ve ever recorded. But the words sometimes don’t come to me exactly right, so I may rewrite the song during the performance.L4LM: Your surprise sit-in on Thursday night with Dierks Bentley at Telluride Bluegrass Festival was one of the most exciting moments of the festival. How long was this in the works? Had you planned it for a while or was it a surprise spur of the moment decision to fly in for the festival? DM: He had no idea we were coming! He didn’t know, and it really shook him up. I went downstairs after the show to his dressing room, and he said, “I still can’t believe this! I just can’t believe it!” But you know, I planned to go, my manager said you need to go do that. But he was surprised. Chris Thile was there too. Chris played some mandolin, which surprised me! I saw him backstage, running around and I said, “Does [Dierks Bentley] know you’re here?” And he said, “No!” It was fun though, it was.Dierks Bentley with Del McCoury, “Roll On Buddy”, Telluride Bluegrass 2017[Video: John Odell]L4LM: On the topic of festivals, could you talk about this past summer at DelFest when you and your sons joined Trey Anastasio Band for a couple of songs, including an original of yours, “Beauty of My Dreams”?Del McCoury: Well, I wrote that song a long time ago. Trey talked to me before the show and said, “What else can we sing together?” and I had no idea what we could do. He said, “How about ‘Blue and Lonesome’?” and I said, “Are we talking about the same ‘Blue and Lonesome’? The one that Bill Monroe and Hank Williams wrote?” The old Hank! [laughs] And Trey said, “Yeah, that’s the one!”I said to myself this guy knows his shit about bluegrass! He’s not just a fan, he knows the history of it, so I said, “Well yeah, I used to have to sing that song every night when I was working for Bill Monroe! And I was his lead man, so I know that song.” Trey knows his stuff, man, he knows. He’s played our festival twice now, and it’s fun to play with those guys!Trey Anastasio Band with Del McCoury, “I’m Blue And Lonesome”, DelFest 2017[Video: DCRANGERFAN]L4LM: As a legendary bluegrass musician who’s collaborated with pretty much everyone in the scene, including other icons like Phish from the jam band world, are there any collaborations that stick out in your mind?Del McCoury: When you get to be my age, nothing surprises you. When you get done, it’s another day’s work. When I was a young man, I would get so excited just to go see a certain band. Now, I know all these people and they’re just like friends, so I don’t get any more excited about that than how I do playing with my own band. It’s just something we do.It’s like how I am recording a record or doing a show. I don’t have any favorites, I really don’t. I don’t have any favorites in bands or any favorites in songs. People ask me “Are you going to have a theme when you’re gonna do a record?” And I say, no. I just do the songs that I think I would like to sing forever—that I won’t ever get tired of doing. But at the same time, it’s not a theme, it’s just a variety of songs.Phish with Del McCoury Band, Sam Bush, & Ricky Scaggs, “Uncle Pen”, 6/22/2000[Video: tdunski]L4LM: Many people in the bluegrass world are of the mindset that bluegrass shouldn’t divulge from its early roots, while others feel as though it should be more progressive and exploratory. This has almost created two different scenes with different fan mentalities. What is your opinion regarding this divide in the bluegrass community?Del McCoury: Bill Monroe, with a lead singer Lester Flatt, a banjo player named Earl Scruggs, a fiddler named Chubby Wise, and a bass player named Cedric Rainwater. Those guys, they set the blueprint, man! You can’t get away from it. They were five guys came together even though they were different personalities and different styles, formed a band, and invented a music! That doesn’t come every day—somebody inventing a certain style of music. When it comes to listening, that’s what I listen to, because it’s really good! There’s no two ways about it. If you’re gonna perform bluegrass music as your style of music, there’s no getting around that formation of a band—mandolin, fiddle, banjo, guitar, and bass.Of course, I remember when the progressive bands came into play with Sam Bush because I was playing around when those guys came in. I like what Sam did, but I could never picture myself doing that because that was his view of music! I knew that if I was going to start recording, I had to do my own songs or songs that I wanted to do. I could not do the songs of Bill Monroe or the songs of Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs or whoever, I had to do my own style. Just what songs you choose to do is what sets your style. Because you can form that song to your own style without even realizing it.L4LM: You have been quoted as saying that the creation of the IBMA (International Bluegrass Music Association) in 1985 was when bluegrass “got organized”. How would you describe the difference between before and after its establishment?DM: You have to be organized in order to grow, I think. And before that, a lot of bands were friends, but they couldn’t get together and work on building a genre of music. They would argue too much! First of all, there’s jealousy, I’m sure there always is, but once some minds got together, they knew that it needed organization. I can’t tell you the hard secret of it all except that I’ve seen it grow since we began getting organized. I’ve seen it grow a lot. For instance, me with my band, I never did well until I got a manager and a booking agent that knew what he was doing, because I was doing my own booking years ago. I needed someone that could see far ahead and plan a career or plan what a band does or should not do. It’s all organization.L4LM: Do you feel as though bluegrass has gotten its due as a strong pillar and influence on genres such as country, blues, and rockabilly?DM: What’s happened with bluegrass instruments is that they have filtered out into other forms of music. A lot of the popular music, like country, has banjos, mandolins, and fiddles in it. There would not have been a rockabilly if it had not been for Bill Monroe. All those guys heard Bill Monroe and patterned a lot of their first stuff after his mandolin playing. He was playing that rockabilly mandolin in his bluegrass music. The young guys like Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Chuck Berry used to come out to the Grand Ole Opry to hear Bill Monroe playing that mandolin.Bill Monroe & Earl Scruggs at The Grand Ole Opry[Video: David Hoffman]L4LM: As someone who’s been playing bluegrass professionally since 1963, what are some of the biggest changes you have seen over the years?Del McCoury: Probably the biggest change was the progressive style of it, but it always comes back to a more hardcore thing in the end. I can remember a time when the progressive was the big thing in this music for a while, but I think that these days what I hear is pretty standard, pretty hardcore. And that’s what the music is all about really. You can’t get too far away from the standard, I don’t think.L4LM: On that note, where do you see the future of bluegrass going?DM: I think it’s in great shape right now, I really do. With the organization of the IBMA, I think it will grow. There are so many bands out there today, you could not count them! At one time, I could name all of the popular bands because there were not that many of them. But today they’re springing up everywhere. The future of any music lies in young people, and we’ve got so many young bands learning to play bluegrass instruments because it’s a challenge to play! It’s not easy! And kids like a challenge, they do. I think it’s in really good shape.
David Rosenthal, who for 23 years has led Harvard University Health Services (HUHS) in providing care to more than 32,000 students, faculty, staff, retirees, and their dependents, is stepping down at the end of the academic year to care for cancer patients full time.Rosenthal, the Henry K. Oliver Professor of Hygiene and professor of medicine, has served under four Harvard presidents and oversaw a major modernization of HUHS during the 1990s and early 2000s that included both physical renovations and the addition of an electronic medical records system.“Doctors’ offices were their office, their consulting room, and their examining room. It was just one room, and it was an old hospital room,” Rosenthal said. “The entire HUHS has been totally renovated.”He also has directed a renewed campus emphasis on wellness, with a focus on nutrition (in collaboration with Harvard University Dining Services), on increased physical activity (promoted through programs like Harvard On The Move), and on stress and symptom management.“David Rosenthal has watched over Harvard’s health for more than two decades. We owe him an immense debt of gratitude for the healing hand with which he has guided our community’s well-being,” said Harvard President Drew Faust.Rosenthal graduated from Harvard College in 1959 and received his M.D. from Tufts Medical School in 1963. In 1989, he was an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and a physician specializing in cancers of the blood at Brigham and Women’s Hospital when then-HUHS Director Warren Wacker retired. Rosenthal skipped a planned sabbatical in England in order to assume the HUHS directorship. Rosenthal said he initially thought he’d stay on for 10 or 15 years. By the time those years had elapsed, he was so busy that he didn’t consider leaving, he said.In addition to his duties guiding HUHS, Rosenthal has served as president of the American Cancer Society and is the medical director at Harvard-affiliated Dana-Farber Cancer Institute’s Leonard P. Zakim Center for Integrative Therapies. After he leaves HUHS, Rosenthal plans to spend more time with patients at the Zakim Center, working to design therapies that help them tolerate both the effects of their illness and of the powerful drugs used in cancer care.Provost Alan Garber, who has known Rosenthal for many years, said Rosenthal has served the Harvard community well.“I have known David for 30 years; he is a master clinician, teacher, and a physician with deep empathy,” Garber said. “He has served with distinction for the past 23 years, and I thank him for all he has contributed to the health of the Harvard community.”Executive Vice President Katie Lapp praised HUHS’ development under Rosenthal’s leadership and added that, although Rosenthal is stepping down, he won’t be far away.“Dr. Rosenthal has led Harvard University Health Services for 23 years, and he has been at the forefront of patient-centered health care. Under his leadership, Harvard has developed a multi-specialty medical practice for faculty, students, and staff; delivered exceptional patient service; and created the Center for Wellness,” said Lapp. “Even as he leaves HUHS, we know he will be nearby, over the river at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, where he will be continuing his work to improve patient health.”Rosenthal said the Harvard community is by and large a healthy one, but that in a high-performance organization like this, stress and anxiety management will be a challenge going forward. Other challenges facing his successor will be continuing to keep the University physically healthy and giving adequate attention to behavioral health, Rosenthal said.“I am proud of all that we have accomplished together at HUHS. We have experienced many challenges throughout the years, and implemented many new programs and initiatives,” Rosenthal said in a letter to HUHS staff announcing his departure. “I thank each of you for all that you’ve done to help make HUHS a wonderful and important service to the Harvard community. It has been a true pleasure to work with you.”
Three years ago, when Harvard biologist Jonathan Losos settled in at the Geological Lecture Hall for a talk by fellow scientist Richard Lenski, he was toying with the idea of writing a book on evolution. When the lecture was over, he was done toying.Losos, an evolutionary biologist and the Monique and Philip Lehner Professor for the Study of Latin America, said the work described by Michigan State’s Lenski filled in a picture partly painted by experiments Losos already knew about — some of which he had conducted himself, with lizards from the genus Anolis, commonly called anoles, on islands in the Caribbean.Lenski’s research approximated what the late Harvard paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould, who wrote extensively about evolution, might have described as “replaying the tape of life,” Losos said. “Gould had suggested that if we could somehow replay the tape — start evolution over again from the same starting point, then we get a very different outcome,” Losos said. But Gould also knew that the project he was describing was impossible, strictly “a thought experiment,” as Losos put it. “But Lenski showed that you can replay the tape, at least in the lab using microorganisms,” he said. “By starting 12 populations of E. coli that were initially identical and subjecting them all to the same natural selection pressures, he was actually replaying the tape, not going back in time, but letting the tape replay side by side in his 12 experimental replicates. “Moreover, I realized that the same approach was being taken not just in the lab by Lenski and the many, many investigators he has inspired, but similar evolution experiments were also taking place in natural settings, trading the hyper-controlled environment of the lab for the natural realism of field studies. In fact, I had done some of those studies myself.”In a Gazette Q&A, Losos discussed the book the Lenski lecture helped set in motion, “Improbable Destinies: Fate, Chance, and the Future of Evolution.”GAZETTE: The evolution you talk about in “Improbable Destinies” is not the slow evolution described by Charles Darwin. Instead, it’s fast enough that we can observe it in real time. How is this fast evolution possible?LOSOS: Darwin was quite remarkable in his insights. We know him for his studies on evolution by natural selection, but he actually studied all kinds of phenomena and was right almost all the time. It turned out, though, that he didn’t get it right about the pace of evolution. He thought evolution occurred extremely slowly, at a glacial pace, so much so that you couldn’t possibly expect to see it except over many, many thousands of years. We know now that’s not correct. When natural selection is strong, evolution can occur very quickly.GAZETTE: You also talk a great deal about convergent evolution, once thought a rare development. What is convergent evolution and how does it fit into the broader picture of evolution?LOSOS: Convergent evolution is the phenomenon when two species, or even populations of the same species, independently evolve to be similar. Most often it is the result of those species being in similar circumstances and natural selection sculpts the same adaptive solution. This is an idea that was mentioned by Darwin in “On the Origin of Species,” and we’ve known about it since.But we didn’t think it was common. It was routinely trotted out by evolutionary biologists as a great example of the power of natural selection to come up with the same answer to problems posed by the environment. [But] when biologists discovered convergent evolution, they’d use words like “striking,” “exceptional,” “unexpected,” emphasizing that this is not the norm. We now know that convergent evolution occurs quite commonly.One of the reasons is that we’ve been using DNA sequencing to build evolutionary trees. These trees — called phylogenies — indicate that species that we used to think were closely related because they are similar in appearance, or anatomy, or whatever, are not. Their similarity is not the result of recent shared ancestry, as we thought, but of convergent evolution.One example from the book is a sea snake in the seas around Australia, India, and elsewhere in Asia. Scientists thought it was one species, with a remarkably broad geographic distribution. When scientists finally sequenced its DNA they found that populations in different places were not closely related to each other. Instead, each was more closely related to other snake species in their own area and so their incredibly close similarity to other sea snakes was the result of convergence.Losos holds a live blue tongue skink that is kept as a pet. Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer.GAZETTE: Talking about evolution that’s fast and convergent leads to your own work. Tell us about the lizards of the Caribbean, and what your studies found.LOSOS: For my Ph.D., many years ago, I studied Anolis lizards. Many people would be familiar with them because they’re very common in Florida, elsewhere in the southeastern United States, and on the islands of the Caribbean. They have a flap of skin underneath their neck that the males stick out when they’re courting females or fighting with other males. There are 400 different species in this group spread throughout the tropics of the New World, so they’re a great evolutionary success story.One aspect on which I’ve focused much of my career is that the lizards on each of the big islands of the Caribbean — Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and Jamaica — have for the most part evolved independently. And, from one or a few ancestral species, they’ve diversified into many descendant species. But evolution has taken a very similar course.On Puerto Rico, if you walked into the rain forest and sat quietly, after a few minutes the lizards would forget you were there and you’d see that there are species living in different parts of the forest and that these species have different anatomical features. For example, species near the ground have very long legs to run and jump on the ground. A species high in the canopy is green for camouflage and has big toe pads to hang on. Another species lives on twigs and has very short legs to maneuver carefully on irregular surfaces. So these species have diversified to adapt to the different parts of the habitat that they use.What is remarkable is that when you go to other islands, you see these same habitat specialists. So, for example, each of the islands has a twig anole — an elongated species with short legs, very camouflaged — and the species on the different islands look similar enough that you’d say they’re probably the same species. But they’re not. They have independently evolved these characteristics. And each island has each of the types of habitat specialist.It’s a great example of convergence, but on steroids, if you will. Not just convergence of one type, but of an entire ensemble of species adapted to different parts of their similar environments.GAZETTE: And you used this insight later in your career to actually engineer evolution and to watch it happen?LOSOS: These lizards, I should point out, have evolved over millions of years. But they suggest that using different parts of the habitat — broad tree trunks, leaves up in the canopy, narrow surfaces — has selected for them to evolve different anatomical features. And that suggests that an ideal experiment would be to expose a lizard species to new conditions, a new habitat, and we would have clear predictions about how they would adapt to that habitat.So that’s exactly what we did. Working in the Bahamas, we were able to take a species that lives on broad tree trunks near the ground and move it to tiny little islands where there were no big trees, there were only scraggly little bushes. So they had to use narrow little surfaces to sit on. Our prediction was very clear from our studies on the big island — that they should adapt by evolving shorter legs. And that’s exactly what they did and over a relatively short period of time.GAZETTE: What comes through in the book is a real enthusiasm and excitement for the work. The ability to actually study evolution and conduct experiments on it in real time seems to have energized the field. What’s it like being able to study these fundamental questions?LOSOS: It’s spectacular. Evolutionary biology, for the first century of its existence, was thought of as a non-experimental science, one with more similarity to history than laboratory sciences. The idea was: You can’t go back in time and see what happened, so you just have to try to figure it out.But the ability to do experiments changes all that. We can now not only formulate hypotheses, but also test them using the gold standard of science: manipulative experiments. People have been doing laboratory experiments for decades, but to do experiments out in the field, under natural conditions, is something that is only really taking off right now. It allows us to formulate ideas about how evolution has worked based on our observations of diversity today and in the past, and then to investigate these hypotheses with mechanistic studies, experimentally testing how evolution occurs in response to presumed selective agents.GAZETTE: Your book talks a lot about convergent evolution and the predictability of evolution under certain circumstances, but you also conduct a thought experiment about whether humans — or something humanlike — would have evolved if mammals weren’t around. And in this case, despite ample evidence of convergence, it seems you’re saying that randomness hasn’t gone away, and if you start at very different starting points, you’ll end up at very different end points, even under similar natural selection pressures.LOSOS: One of the great questions transcending evolutionary biology is: How destined was the world to be as it is today? If events had transpired differently in the past, would the world be very different?Historians ask this all the time. What if Churchill had been run over by a car in New York City in 1931, as almost happened? What if Kennedy hadn’t been assassinated? How different would the world be today? And evolutionary biologists ask the very same question. If you look at the plants and animals in the world around us, are they the inevitable result of evolutionary processes of natural selection, or just the result of the particular events in Earth’s history that sent evolution down one road and not another?This debate was catalyzed by Gould, who wrote a book in 1989 titled “Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History.” In it, Gould argued that evolution was not destined to produce particular outcomes. He said if we could somehow go back in time and start again from the same starting point, the outcome would differ every time. Any sort of minor change that might seem inconsequential at the time could lead one individual to survive and not another, cause one mutation to become common and not another, and evolution would go down a very different road. Replay the tape a million times, he said, and something like humans would never evolve again.This was a very influential viewpoint but it was based on no data. There was nobody doing these sorts of experiments. However, the idea really excited a lot of people, so there’s been a lot of attention to the question over the last 30 years. And the reason I wrote the book is that I realized we do have a lot of empirical data now addressing the question of how repeatable, or how predictable, evolution is.One school of research that has arisen has focused on the phenomenon of convergent evolution, of the same evolutionary outcome occurring multiple times. A number of people argue that convergent evolution demonstrates that Gould was wrong. The environment poses similar questions to species living in many different places and there are optimal solutions that natural selection finds. As a result, you can predict, almost, what sort of outcome you’d get in a particular evolutionary circumstance, and that solution evolves time and time again. Contrary to what Gould argued, these other scientists argued that particular outcomes are inevitable. And that is how convergent evolution has been used by some scientists to contest the idea of the haphazardness, or the flukiness, of evolution.GAZETTE: And your own conclusion is somewhere in the middle, right?LOSOS: Yes, and the reason is that these scientists are absolutely correct that convergent evolution is much more common than we used to appreciate. It does show the power of natural selection and there are some outcomes that do occur repeatedly. So there is truth to that.But the argument basically comes down to a long list of examples of convergent evolution and you could make a similar long list of examples of failure to converge, of species exquisitely adapted to their environment but with no parallel anywhere else in the world.My favorite example is the duck-billed platypus. Here’s a species that comes in for all kinds of ridicule as being a comical, ridiculous animal, but that’s really not fair. They’re actually extremely well adapted to the environment in which they occur, the streams in Australia. They have a suite of features — lush fur, webbed feet, powerful tail — that make them very well-adapted.The most important feature they have is their bill, which looks like the bill of a duck, but which is very different from that of a duck. It is covered with sensors that detect both tactile information — the slight ripple of water as a fish swims by — and the electrical discharges that any animal gives off as it moves. Using those two senses, they can find their food underwater even though their eyes are closed and their ears and noses are closed. So, they’re actually remarkably well adapted to the streams in which they live. But those streams are nothing special. We have similar streams all around the world, and yet there’s no duck-billed platypus in any of them. It evolved once in Australia, without a parallel.There are many examples of this — elephants, kiwis, giraffes. These are species very well adapted to where they live, environments that occur all around the world, and yet there’s no convergent evolution.You could make a very long list of examples of nonconvergence. The debate so far has been people arguing that convergence is more common or nonconvergence is more common. And that debate has gotten quite stale, because, in fact, they’re both quite common. It doesn’t really matter whose list is longer. The real question we now have is: What circumstances lead some species to evolve convergently, evolve convergent solutions, and in which cases do they follow different evolutionary courses, finding different adaptations to the same selection pressures? And that’s the sort of work that’s going on in many places around the world, including some labs here at Harvard.
This summer Notre Dame’s International Summer Service Learning Program (ISSLP) will plan to hold both in-person and virtual programs in light of the pandemic.The ISSLP program sent their first students abroad in the summer of 1998 at a time when there were very few options available to travel to “less traveled countries,“ ISSLP director Rachel Tomas Morgan said.“A lot of our study abroad was in Europe, and study abroad options were pretty much a semester or year long at that time,” Tomas Morgan said. “And so the Center for Social Concerns, and director Fr. Dan McNeil at the time and myself saw opportunity for the summer months to give Notre Dame students the opportunity to experience the rest of the world.“ISSLP’s are run through the Center for Social Concerns (CSC), and students traditionally apply each year to conduct a summer of service abroad in a number of countries around the world.The program usually looks to focus it’s resources and attention on countries with emerging economies, Tomas Morgan said.This past March the program was forced to suspend all of the outbound international trips in response to the global pandemic, but some of the programs were able to move to a virtual platform.The CSC is currently exploring the possibility of an ISSLP learning-living community for this coming summer. For those students who only have a virtual option, they may be given option to live with other students also working on virtual projects. This way, students can build a community environment while carrying out their online projects independently, Tomas Morgan said.“It would allow us to invite faculty to come and provide lectures and workshops, allow us to do additional skills training and ideally have excursions and field trips in South Bend, and in the local region with an aim to explore global issues localized,” Tomas Morgan said.She said the CSC is still hoping some students will be able to experience a summer abroad.“We hope that we’ll be able to send some students to some countries. I know we will not be able to send all students to all our countries,” Tomas Morgan said. “Our ISSLP site directory that is online will specify which sites are only in person, which sites are only virtual and which sites can accommodate both.”The ISSLP programs begin with a one credit theology class participating students are required to take during the spring semester before departing campus to go abroad. The course is followed by an eight to ten week service learning immersion in a developing country through which a student will receive another three credits of theology. The program provides funds for airfare, room and board and a $1,000 travel award.Senior Ellis Riojas went on an ISSLP two summer’s ago to Kitete, Tanzania. There, he worked with kids and young adults who were either attempting to finish high school again or were attending a trade school.Editor’s Note: Riojas is a graphics designer for The Observer. Riojas said he enjoyed his program in Kitete, tutoring the students and playing games with them. However, Riojas also mentioned how challenges were inevitable.”Some things are going to go poorly, and that can really shake you up,” he said.Tags: Center for Social Concerns, ISSLP, Theology