Government Police Chief to Report 24% Decrease In Use-of-Force Incidents In 2020 Two officer-involved shooting deaths occurred last year By ANDRÉ COLEMAN, Managing Editor Published on Monday, January 18, 2021 | 5:23 pm Make a comment Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website 22 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Business News At the Pasadena City Council’s Public Safety Committee meeting Tuesday, the Police Department is expected to report a 24% decrease in use-of-force incidents in 2020.According to the statistics, police used force in just 26 incidents in the 12-month period. Other key figures, including the total number of arrests, were not immediately available prior to the meeting.In 2019, Pasadena police officers used force 34 times, according to police statistics. During that time period, police were also involved in three officer-involved shootings.“In 2020, we saw another year of decline in the use of force by officers during incidents involving uncooperative individuals. This decline can be attributed to the implementation of the Police Department’s 30-day review process of all incidents involving force and using what is learned in these reviews to improve ‘real-life’ skills during immersive training sessions,” said Lt. William Grisafe.Pasadena police officers were involved in two officer-involved shooting deaths in 2020.On Aug. 15, a Pasadena police officer fatally shot Anthony McClain on North Raymond Avenue near La Pintoresca Park after McClain fled during a traffic stop. McClain’s DNA was later found on a gun recovered at the scene, according to police. The incident is still under investigation.On May 8, police shot and killed Lloyd Nelson after the former Marine opened fire on police at the conclusion of a pursuit. Nelson fired two shots at officers through the windshield of the Mitsubishi sedan he was driving.Nelson had three weapons in the vehicle — one in the center console, one tucked between the passenger seat and the console, and the one that he used to fire at officers. None of the weapons were registered to him. He also had 400 rounds of ammunition in the car.Non-police officer-involved criminal shootings in Pasadena rose in the fourth quarter of 2020.Overall, the city saw 59 non-fatal shootings and four fatal shooting incidents in 2020.One occurred on Dec. 1. Two men were killed and a third man was critically wounded during what appeared to be a random shooting at Villa Parke.In a shooting death in September, Ray Anthony Magee Jr., 24, of Duarte was killed while sitting in a car on North Lake Avenue, near East Howard Street, when he was shot. Two men fled the area in a 2017 Dodge Charger with tinted windows. According to police, the last two digits of the license plate number were “50.”According to Grisafe, it’s difficult for police to pinpoint the exact number of shooting victims. Police answered several calls of shots fired and found evidence of shootings, but possible victims had already left the scene.Pasadena police recovered 288 firearms in 2020, a 27% increase from the number of weapons seized in 2019.“When compared to the number of arrests the Pasadena Police Department makes every year, officers used force in only .5% of these arrests,” Grisafe said.The meeting begins at 4 p.m. and can be viewed at http://pasadena.granicus.com/mediaplayer.php?camera_id=2&publish_id=9 HerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty18 Ways To Get Rid Of HiccupsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyA Mental Health Chatbot Which Helps People With DepressionHerbeautyHerbeauty faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. More Cool Stuff Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Top of the News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Subscribe STAFF REPORT Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News CITY NEWS SERVICE/STAFF REPORT Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday STAFF REPORT First Heatwave Expected Next Week Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
By Dialogo October 22, 2009 International aid agency Doctors Without Borders (MSF) warned of a dire humanitarian situation emerging in southwestern Colombia. Turf wars over vital coca crops in the Ecuador border region of Narino have intensified and more than 12,400 people have been displaced there since early 2009, the Geneva-based organization said. “In most cases the displaced have received little or no help,” an MSF statement said. Local authorities have been “completely overwhelmed” and MSF is often left as the lone carer, the statement said. Doctors Without Borders began work in Colombia in 1995, treating victims of the long-running conflict between leftist guerrillas and government forces. Dissident right-wing paramilitary squads, drug trafficking gangs and common criminals also contribute to the complex unrest that has plagued the South American nation. According to UN figures, Colombia ranks second for countries worst affected by internal displacement, with three million people fleeing their homes over the last three decades. War-wracked Sudan, with its six million displaced persons, tops the list. Neighboring Ecuador says it takes in the most refugees in Latin America, including hundreds of thousands of Colombians. Quito argues the influx contributes to crime in the country, including the trafficking of drugs and people.
President Donald Trump Friday morning was live on FOX news and was asked if Attorney General Bill Barr was his original selection, rather than Sen. Jeff Sessions, would there have been a Russia investigation? The president said, “Absolutely not.” Trump said he felt obligated to nominate Sessions as his AG because he was the first senator to endorse him, he was from one of his favorite states Alabama and he begged him for the job. Shortly after being confirmed as the U.S. Attorney General Sessions recused himself from the Russia probe which lead to the hiring of a special prosecutor, Robert Mueller.Trump said that if Bill Barr was his AG then, he would not have shut down the investigation because he recognized early on that it was a fraud. Finally, President Trump fired Sessions who was eventually replaced by Bill Barr who was the former AG for President George H.W. Bush.Better late than never, AG Barr has gotten to the bottom of the Russia investigation and the fur is flying. The DOJ has asked a federal judge to drop all criminal charges against former Trump National Security Advisor Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn after documentation shows that he was entrapped by the FBI in an investigation that began before Trump’s inauguration.President Trump said, “Bill Barr has done an excellent job” in unearthing the facts about the investigation “that was aimed at trying to unseat a duly elected president.”Speaking with reporters yesterday, Trump said Flynn is an “innocent man” who was “targeted by the Obama Administration.” He added that a “big price should be paid” for the mistreatment of Flynn. Flynn pled guilty to lying to the FBI, but later tried to withdraw the plea. New evidence shows FBI agents tried to entrap the aide to President Trump.
Bob Baffert631214919%$1,197,298 Richard Mandella3786722%$402,286 Doug O’Neill949101210%$534,506 Philip D’Amato4498720%$438,560 ARCADIA HONORS PASSING OF JOE RAMSAY ON SATURDAYThe Arcadia community is coming together to honor well-known musician and beloved Arcadia High School alumnus Joe Ramsey, who died recently at the age of 58, following a years-long battle with health problems.This Saturday, from 7 p.m. to midnight, the Arcadia High School Alumni Association is presenting a benefit memorial concert at Santa Anita in Ramsey’s honor. Santa Anita is also dedicating the day’s last race in his memory, and the City of Arcadia has proclaimed Feb. 21 Joe Ramsey Day. Mayor Pro-Tem Gary Kovacic will present the proclamation in the Winner’s Circle immediately following The Joe Ramsey Memorial Race.Ramsey, who graduated from AHS in 1974, died Dec. 29 at Arcadia Methodist Hospital following a nearly decade-long struggle with cancer, heart problems and a recent stroke.The Joe Ramsey Benefit Concert will feature a selection of friends, former band mates, local artists and loved ones taking the stage in his honor. Confirmed performers include Stan Ridgway and Pietra Wexstun; Keith Slettedahl and Adam Merrin from The 88; John Curry, Scott Lasken, Dennis Walsh and Nick Hanick from Four Eyed Four; The Third Man, featuring Gary Putman and Curt Lichter of The Prime Movers; and, special guest, Allison Ramsey.Suggested donations are $30 or more, and will go to cover the cost of staging the event. Any proceeds will be donated to the AHS Alumni Association’s Joe Ramsey Memorial Scholarship and to the Ramsey family to help defray medical expenses and sudden loss of income.Tickets are available at Tickets are available at http://www.arcadiaapaches.com/aboutus/ahsreunions_info63.htm Questions about the event can be directed to [email protected] Joseph Talamo13915142311%$1,065,504 SANTA ANITA STATISTICS Peter Miller901719819%$996,758 Rafael Bejarano15937252123%$1,747,424 James Cassidy4175817%$258,100 Kent Desormeaux11323201220%$1,300,530 Gary Stevens59118919%$880,272 HORSE FOR COURSE SET FOR SENSATIONAL STARBettys Bambino, a Horse for Course if ever there was one, goes for his fifth win fromsix starts on Santa Anita’s unique downhill turf course at about 6 ½ furlongs when he runs in Saturday’s $100,000 Sensational Star Stakes for older horses bred in California or sired by a California-bred stallion.“He’s definitely a horse for this course,” said Peter Eurton, who trains the son of Unusual Heat for a partnership. “I would love to see him run in one-turn turf races from seven (furlongs) to a mile, down the line. That would be fun. He’s an Unusual Heat. He’s supposed to go a lot further than 6 ½.”The 5-year-old gelding has raced twice at one mile, finishing fourth at Santa Anita in April of last year and third at Del Mar in August. Bettys Bambino will be making only his 10th start in the Sensational Star.“He had a lot of minor issues at an early age,” Eurton said in explaining the limited races. “He’d come in one day and take a bad step and move out the next day. But now he’s doing real well.”The field for the Sensational Star: Patriots Rule, Fernando Perez, 10-1; Boozer, Gary Stevens, 4-1; Weewinnin, Elvis Trujillo, 10-1; Bettys Bambino, Martin Garcia, 5-2; Big Bane Theory, Joe Talamo, 9-2; Ambitious Brew, Brice Blanc, 2-1; Spirit Rules, Iggy Puglisi, 12-1; and Pathway to Yes, Tyler Baze, 8-1. FINISH LINES: Bob Baffert on Breeders’ Cup Classic winner Bayern‘s three furlong drill Sunday in 36.60: “He looked good.” . . . Agent Mike Ciani has Kent Desormeaux booked on Lecomte runner-up War Story in Saturday’s Risen Star Stakes at the Fair Grounds . . . Bing Crosby winner Big Macher worked four furlongs in 47.80 Friday morning for the $2 million Golden Shaheen in Dubai on March 28. “He’s good to go,” trainer Richard Baltas said . . . Through 33 racing days, perennial Southern California riding leader Rafael Bejarano held a 37-23 lead over runner-up Desormeaux, while Jerry Hollendorfer had a 19-17 edge over Peter Miller among trainers . . . Favorites were winning above the national norm of 33 percent, at 38.03 (108 of 284). On dirt, favorites were winning at 40 percent (79 of 197) and on turf, 33.33 percent (29 of 87). Best percentage was 84.48 percent in the category of in-the-money favorites (49 of 58) . . . Tom Quigley‘s guest handicappers this weekend will be horse player Tony Banks, Saturday, and handicapping author James Quinn Sunday, each day at 11:20 a.m. in the East Paddock Gardens . . . Chump change: Victor Espinoza, whose mounts have earned more than $1.2 million so far this year, has been fined $50 for failure to report to the jocks’ room in time for his assigned mounts. Ditto for Elvis Trujillo. Corey Nakatani771281116%$658,768 Drayden Van Dyke12514151811%$789,606 Flavien Prat71108614%$492,416 A. C. Avila2161229%$145,774 Peter Eurton50108720%$482,058 TrainerSts1st2nd3rdWin%Money Won Mike Smith6915141022%$1,329,341 Elvis Trujillo13114171011%$916,252 Fernando Perez106912108%$446,982 Mark Casse4175517%$599,748 Carla Gaines2954217%$316,605 Martin Pedroza10211171011%$476,160 Mark Glatt4478616%$362,074 Jerry Hollendorfer9819131419%$1,974,990 STEADY BETTYS BAMBINO SET FOR SENSATIONAL STARSPAWR REMEMBERS BARGAIN CLAIM SENSATIONAL STARTEXAS RED DOING SWIMMINGLY FOR SANTA ANITA DERBYBIG PAY DAYS IN OFFING ON BIG ‘CAP DAY MARCH 7 DETTORI LEAVES SPAWR UP IN THE AIRTrainer Bill Spawr had a sweet run with Sensational Star, for whom Saturday’s $100,000 stakes is named.“We claimed him for $32,000 and he won a lot of graded stakes for us,” Spawr said of his star of some 25 years ago. “They were trying to route him, but we made a sprinter out of him.”A California-bred gelding by Inherent Star out of the Election Day mare Forty Percent, Sensational Star was foaled in 1984 and last raced on Dec. 8, 1990. He won 13 of 39 starts and earned $442,455.“Bob Meldahl (the late agent, who also represented Laffit Pincay Jr. at the time) had a new apprentice from Europe and he wanted to get him on some live horses,” Spawr recounted.“Bob and I were old friends and I told him I was going to run Sensational Star for 40 (thousand) and that no one would claim him. The jockey was Frankie Dettori, but I didn’t know who he was at the time.“Anyway, the horse wins and his picture is about to be taken in the winner’s circle. I’m looking for the jock but he isn’t on the horse. I can’t find him because the sucker is in the air. I didn’t know that was his thing, the flying dismount where he leaps high out of the saddle.“Silly me, I’m looking all over for the jock and he’s up in the air.” (Current Through Monday, Feb. 16) Martin Garcia8514131216%$1,153,280 Tyler Baze16521151713%$1,283,814 Jeff Bonde2050325%$192,980 JockeyMts1st2nd3rdWin%Money Won Ron Ellis3572520%$260,440 Richard Baltas4176317%$279,678 SANTA ANITA DERBY NEXT GOAL FOR TEXAS REDBreeders’ Cup Juvenile winner Texas Red remains on course for the Santa Anita Derby on April 4 as he swims his way back from an abscess on his right front foot following a sharp second in his 3-year-old debut in the San Vicente Stakes on Feb. 1.The ultimate goal for the son of Afleet Alex, of course, is the Kentucky Derby on May 2.“He’ll continue swimming and doing Aqua Tred, probably until the end of the month,” trainer Keith Desormeaux said Friday morning. “We’ll try to get him in (to Santa Anita) around March 1 and crank him up again.“The reports are all good; the thing’s still draining, but he’s always been sound on it. Since it popped, it’s drained, but he’s good. I just want to give him plenty of time to recover. He missed the race we were pointing for anyway (Saturday’s Risen Star) so the Santa Anita Derby’s the goal now. “I just don’t need to rush him back; that’s the mindset.”(Texas Red is currently rehabbing at Premier Equine Center, which is located in Oakdale, about five hours north of Santa Anita in California’s Central Valley).$1 MILLION LATE PICK 4 GUARANTEE ON BIG ‘CAP DAYShared Belief is expected to rule a prohibitive favorite in the $1 million Santa Anita Handicap on March 7, but that won’t prevent fans from trying to land a game-changing score.There will be huge guaranteed pools that day, including a $1 million Late Pick 4 and a $150,000 guaranteed Pick 6, in addition to three other graded stakes besides the Big ‘Cap, with Triple Crown hopefuls spotlighted in the Grade II, $400,000 San Felipe Stakes.Also, there will be a Beerfest and live music in the infield. First post time will be 12 noon; gates open at 10 a.m. Tiago Pereira77971012%$295,134 John Sadler738131111%$573,206 Thomas Proctor2864321%$459,240 Edwin Maldonado69731010%$271,736 Hector Palma2062130%$121,650 Felipe Valdez2765522%$141,448 Michael Pender2864221%$155,470 Victor Espinoza10620211419%$1,312,710 -30-
KANATA, Ontario — The Sharks over the last few games — even though they didn’t always get the result they wanted — could usually say afterward that there were at least a positives they could build on going forward.Then they arrived at the Canadian Tire Centre on Sunday and it appeared they had learned almost nothing at all.The Sharks fell behind by two goals late in the first period and never fully recovered in a dismal 5-2 loss to the Ottawa Senators, the team that was thought to be the most …
RELATED MULTIMEDIA TRANSCRIPTPhil Kaplan: Today, we’re going to be talking about Passivhaus, a very exciting topic. People are starting to get to know what this is. It took them a little while to catch up with LEED — they still call it “LEEDS.” But the tipping point for Passivhaus came about a year ago. It was an article in the New York Times about a couple who heat their house with nothing. It was the most e-mailed article from the New York Times website for weeks! All right, the energy geeks were out there! That was a good sign, and here we are.Chris Briley: Right now, I’ve just started working on my first passive house. You know, we haven’t done one of these on LEED, but that’s old hat now — and two years from now, maybe this will be.Phil: If you’re on Green Building Advisor, LEED is ‘old hat’ already.Chris: Before we dive into Passivhaus, it’s cocktail time. Cheers![The guys talk about Man of the Moment and the practicality of keeping Grande Marnier in the glove compartment.]Phil: This is like a Shirley Temple with Scotch… OK, to dig into Passivhaus, let’s start with what Chris is working on right now. He’s more of an expert than I am.Chris: I’ll preface this by saying it’s all new to me. I’m not a consultant; I haven’t had the training. So, a passive house is…Phil: It’s not a passive solar house!Chris: Right. We get that a lot. A passive solar house recipe is a lot of thermal mass, a lot of solar glazing, you’re heating with the sun — that’s passive solar design. The basic philosophy of Passivhaus is you improve the thermal envelope — you reduce the heat demand — so you can eliminate the mechanical system. That’s your cost-effective measure: You put your money toward the thermal envelope. The recipe is thick insulation — walls of at least R-40; elimination of thermal bridging — minimizing conduction through studs; and airtightness. To severely restrict air leakage, you need a balanced energy recovery system. You actually have to submit recordings of how you balanced the system and what the settings are when you apply for the Passivhaus certificate. Windows are also a big part of the recipe — insulated glazing.Phil: Passivhaus takes thermal bridging to the next level, really examining every corner and every detail and every window.Chris: So, why do a Passivhaus?Phil: Buildings consume about 50 percent of our energy right now. If we want to change our world, we have to start with buildings. And who’s in charge of buildings?Chris: Um, me?Phil: Yeah, you are!Chris: All of us are…Phil: Yeah, architects and builders…Chris: The people who started the Passivhaus movement — their number-one reason? Climate change. That doesn’t resonate with the same power here in the States. There’s probably 30 percent of the community who won’t listen to that reason…Phil: It is sort of ephemeral, when people want to talk about payback immediately. And payback may be a tough part of the equation.Chris: Some people would be on board with the idea that the house is not just for them, but it’s also for the next generation. We’re trying to reduce carbon emissions, and some 40 to 50 percent of U.S. carbon emissions come from building centers — what houses consume and how we build them.Phil: It’s really about energy. It’s different from LEED; we’re not talking about recycled materials, just energy. The Germans have based this standard on a 90 percent reduction in energy consumption.Chris: Here’s a little history. In the 1970s, folks at the University of Illinois coined the term “superinsulation.” There was also a book by a Harvard physicist, William Shurcliff, called Super Insulated Houses and Double Envelope Houses, which always gets mentioned as an influential stepping stone. The folks in Europe looked very hard at what was going on at the University of Illinois and in this book. Sweden came up with rigorous energy standards, and a professor named Bo Adamson and a German physicist named Dr. Wolgang Feist designed the first Passivhaus, as proof that these standards were not only achievable, but could be surpassed and work. The heat load was 10 watts per square meter. Amory Lovins convinced Dr. Feist that he didn’t just have a science experiment, but something for the public; he could take this to the next step. So, in 1996, Dr. Feist founded the Passivhaus Institut, and using that first house as a model, came up with the Passivhaus standards. In 2003, I think, Katrin Klingenberg built the first passive house in the States—the Smith House.Phil: She got 14 inches of rigid insulation under the slab.Chris: People thought she went overboard…Phil: And then they saw the numbers and the feedback, and their eyes opened.Chris: Then she started the E-Co Lab to promote the Passivhaus idea. As these houses are built in the States, there’s a way to monitor and promote them. And then in 1998 along with builder Mike Kernagis, they founded Passive House Institute U.S., and now here we are with Passive House Alliances forming. There’s also a great resource now called Passipedia.com.[Part 2 of this episode is now available.] RELATED ARTICLES PODCAST: Passivhaus, Part 2 PODCAST: Passivhaus, Part 3PODCAST: Deep Energy Retrofits (1)PODCAST: Deep Energy Retrofits (2)PODCAST: Deep Energy Retrofits (3) Passivhaus Homes are Extremely Tight and Energy-EfficientPassive House: After Hours There’s a perceptible buzz in the air about the Passivhaus standard within the green building community. In fact, it’s becoming downright inescapable in these hallowed halls, forums, blogs, and seminars. So naturally it’s time for the less-than-hallowed reaches of the blogosphere, such as the Green Architects’ Lounge, to jump in and join the conversation.Before you press download or play Part 1, I’d like to point out a couple of things. First, you may have noticed that we now reside in our own blog section (no longer under Design Matters), and for those of you who subscribe to us on iTunes, you may have noticed we now have our own dedicated feed — or rather, you may have noticed that this didn’t show up on your normal feed. (It is great to be on our own, but we will miss the honor of sharing with Dr. Joe and Dr. John.) In my next post, I’ll leave links and instructions on subscribing to the new feed. I’ll also post instructions from the old feed itself.Also, we have a new e-mail address. If you have a great idea for an upcoming topic, want to leave general feedback, or want to share your favorite cocktail recipe, you can e-mail us at [email protected] If you’d like to complain about these changes, or the apparent irreverence of the hosts, or the many sentence fragments in my recorded speech patterns, you can email us at [email protected] back to the topic at hand.In Part 1 of the podcast, we discuss the basics:“Passive house” is not the same as a “passive solar house”The recipe for a passive house: thick insulation, elimination of thermal bridging, air sealing, high-quality windows and doors, HRV (or ERV)Why do a passive house?Reduce energy consumptionReduce carbon emissions“Payback” will likely not be your reasonHistory of the Passivhaus movementI realize that in Part 1 we haven’t yet made it to the standards that clearly define what constitutes a passive house. That is the very topic of Part 2 of this episode. But if you can’t wait, I urge you to click on this link to Dan Morrison’s GBA pagee, “Passivhaus Homes are Extremely Tight and Energy-Efficient.” That Web page is an aggregate source for links to GBA’s extensive information on the subject of the Passivhaus standard.I mention in this part of the episode that I’m working on a passive house in Maine. If you are interested in following along, my client has started a blog for it. We’re calling it EdgewaterHaus. I should also include this link to Passipedia and also to PHIUS.Stay tuned for Part 2, The Standards. Cheers.
TagsTransfersAbout the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your say Arsenal could change Ramsey stance for Denis Suarezby Ansser Sadiq10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal are desperate to sign Denis Suarez from Barcelona this month.The Gunners feel the midfielder is the one who will help boss Unai Emery take the team to the next level.And the Daily Mirror reports that he would ideally sign on a loan deal with the possibility of a £15 million transfer in the summer.But the issue is that Barcelona want to sell him permanently this month.It is possible that Arsenal will let Aaron Ramsey join Juventus in January for a sizeable fee, as it would give them enough cash to sign Suarez permanently.
Spain coach Moreno frustrated after Norway equaliserby Carlos Volcano13 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveSpain suffered a last gasp goal on Saturday, with Norway scoring a late equaliser to draw 1-1 and to leave coach Robert Moreno frustrated.Saul Niguez’s dipping second-half effort was cancelled out by Josh King’s injury-time penalty to ruin Spain’s 100% record in Group F.After the game, Moreno discussed the bad feeling in the dressing room.”When they equalise in the 93rd minute, you can’t feel good,” explained Moreno. “But that’s part of football.”We knew that they could be dangerous in that type of play.”In the final minutes we were a little nervous and we risked too much, but that can happen.”Despite the setback, Moreno chose to reflect on the positives from the game.”I liked the attitude of the team,” he said.”The players who played have done well.”I think we generated chances to score the second, but I wish we could have defended those plays better.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say
TORONTO – Many Canadians are watching their mailboxes and inboxes for a personal income tax refund, now that the filing deadline has passed. But instead of a welcome influx of cash, receive a dreaded notice that their file is under review or audit.When the Canada Revenue Agency starts looking your way can be anxiety-inducing, but it doesn’t need to be, tax experts say.The best thing to do is respond and co-operate, said Jason Safar, a partner in the tax services practice of PwC.“The worst thing you can do is play the ostrich, put your head in the sand and pretend that nothing is going on,” he said.The federal government in recent years has ramped up its efforts to crack down on tax evasion, particularly by big international companies and wealthy individuals using offshore tax havens. In the 2016 Federal Budget, Ottawa earmarked $444.4 million over five years to help the CRA track down tax cheats, with the aim of raking in an additional $2.6 billion in tax over that period.There has been an increase in audit activity, in all facets, but less so for personal income taxes, said Safar. And the vast majority of Canadians will never face a personal tax audit, he added. However, more Canadians will face the less serious option called a review.“For the ‘lucky’ 0.1 per cent that does, it’s probably that there is something that is very unusual about their filings or history of filings that causes Canada Revenue Agency to want to take a closer look,” Safar said.A review, however, happens fairly often, said H&R Block senior tax professional Valorie Elgar.A CRA review is simply a request for additional information, rather than an audit which involves deeper scrutiny of your tax file.Your income tax file may be selected for review randomly, or for reasons such a discrepancy between the figures you cited and those of a third-party, such as your employer. An unusual change in your activities, such as an increase in medical expenses or child care costs, may also trigger a closer look from the tax collector.Often, once the taxpayer submits the required information to clear up confusion, that’s the end of the process, said Elgar.“Send in the documentation that they request, and then that’s usually it,” she said. “But some people do get worried.”If you do not co-operate, the CRA will likely make adjustments based on the information they have. This could lead to unwanted outcomes, such as a large tax bill plus interest charges, she said.There are several types of review, such as a pre-assessment review program that takes place before a notice of assessment is issued. A processing review happens after the notice of assessment is issued, usually between August and December.Your information could also be reviewed in a matching program after the tax assessment is issued that compares the information in your tax return to a third party, such as a financial institution.Just in case you ever find yourself in the CRA’s crosshairs, it’s important to preempt any headaches by keeping all relevant receipts used to file your tax return on hand for at least six years, said Elgar.Some documents may need to be kept on file even longer, said Safar. For example, documents in connection with a property owned by the taxpayer will need to be kept until the property is sold, in order to quantify the capital gains.If you do find yourself under audit or review by the CRA, it is important to read the letter carefully and make sure to understand what they are asking for, he added. After submitting the requested information, the CRA will commonly send the taxpayer a letter outlining their concerns and reassessment details, and the recipient has 30 days to respond before the new tax assessment is processed, said Safar.If you disagree with their conclusions at this point, let them know before that reassessment is processed, he added.If the dispute is not resolved, there is still recourse. After the reassessment comes you have the option to file a notice of objection, which will go to an appeals officer who is different from the original auditor, said Safar.If you plead your case and it falls on deaf ears, you can take the government to the Tax Court of Canada, he added. The issue can be further escalated to the Federal Court of Appeal, and if need be, you can seek leave to take your battle to the Supreme Court.“You have lots of opportunities to plead your case,” he said.However, that can take a long time and a lot of money. Depending on how much you owe the government, you will have to make a call on whether the effort and expense for this battle is worth it, Safar added.“It depends how much you’re arguing about, and how much of a person of principle you are if the amount is not significant enough to justify the cost.”