By Nelza Oliveira/Diálogo January 17, 2019 The Brazilian Navy is a step closer to having a nuclear-powered submarine. The Riachuelo, the first of four conventional submarines from the Submarine Development Program (PROSUB, in Portuguese), was launched into sea on December 14, 2018. In addition to conventional submarines, a nuclear-powered submarine is also in the works. The Riachuelo started a two-year port trial, during which it will be evaluated for leakage, buoyancy, and balance, including at sea. It will then be incorporated into the Submarine Force, under the Brazilian Navy Fleet Command, which plans naval and air operations. “Brazil, as a peaceful country, doesn’t build its ships as a threat to anyone or to disturb the tranquility of national waters, but rather because a country with a coastline of more than 7,000 kilometers needs certain resources to defend its sovereignty and rich marine biodiversity,” said then Brazilian President Michel Temer at the launching ceremony. “Today’s ceremony [December 14, 2018] is the most recent accomplishment of a government project. None of this would have been possible without planning, a sense of continuity, or long-term vision.” PROSUB was launched to protect the 3.5-million square km offshore area known as the Blue Amazon—a region filled with Brazilian mineral and oil reserves—and to safeguard the sovereignty of the country’s coastline. Ninety five percent of exports and imports go through Brazilian waters, which also contain about 90 percent of the country’s oil. Mega structure PROSUB’s 2008 launch was followed by the construction of the Naval Complex, a mega structure in which the four conventional submarines and the first Brazilian nuclear-powered submarine are being built simultaneously. The complex, based in Itaguaí city, about 70 km from Rio de Janeiro, contains the required infrastructure to operate and maintain both models. The Naval Complex, among the most modern in the Southern Hemisphere, has a built-in metal structure manufacturing unit, construction and maintenance shipyards—the Naval Base—as well as additional structures and shops. The construction is located a few meters away from the existing facilities of Nuclebrás Equipamentos Pesados company, which house the largest metal press in Latin America. A technology transfer agreement between Brazil and France made PROSUB’s development possible. France agreed to transfer technology to Brazil and train Brazilian personnel in submarine planning and construction. There is no knowledge exchange, however, in the nuclear sector. The Navy Nuclear Program at the Brazilian Navy’s Technological Center in São Paulo develops all PROSUB’s nuclear technology. Only six countries in the world can build and operate nuclear-powered submarines. “The cornerstone for the Brazilian multipurpose reactor was laid last June , for a reactor that will enable the country to achieve its radioisotope independency. We have one of the world’s largest uranium reserves, we own the nuclear technology, and we can use it across various segments to benefit our society; [we may also apply it] for many other purposes, such as agriculture, etc.,” said Brazilian Navy Admiral Bento Costa Lima Leite de Albuquerque Júnior, then general director of the Brazilian Navy’s nuclear and technological development. PROSUB prioritized the purchase of components made in Brazil to strengthen the national defense industry. The total cost of the program is estimated at $9.5 billion, with $4.6 billion already invested. After Riachuelo, it is estimated that one submarine will be launched at sea each year: the Humaitá in 2020, the Tonelero in 2021, and the Angostura in 2022. The Álvaro Alberto nuclear-propulsion submarine is set to launch in 2029. The Riachuelo The new submarines are a modified version of the diesel-electric Scorpène models used in France. The Riachuelo and similar versions have a 35-crew-member capacity, autonomy of more than 70 days at sea, and can reach speeds of more than 20 miles per hour and navigate at 300 meters deep. The Riachuelo is 75 m long, equivalent to a four-story building, and weighs 1,870 tons. The new submarine has strong firepower, with 533 mm torpedo launchers, anti-ship missiles and devices to mine enemy areas, destroy ships, contain, limit, or delay transit. During the two-year trials and sea evaluations, the submarine will have to navigate at maximum speed for several hours, cover large distances, emerge at an acute vertical angle, and submerge under critical conditions. The Riachuelo will undergo battle simulations and virtual combat sieges. It will have to fire all arms and rehearse exit and rescue of combat diver teams. There will also be exercises such as fire combat, shipwreck, and stealth intelligence actions. The defense and attack simulations will be part of crew members’ routine. The submarine will test diving safety limits, among others. Only then the Riachuelo will be able to complete its mission and protect the country’s oceanic waters. Riachuelo will join the Brazilian Navy’s fleet of five submarines: Tupi, Tamoio, Timbira, Tapajó and Tikuna.
“You changed the world George,” he said. “We’re going to keep fighting George.””We’re going to keep going until we change the whole system of justice.””It doesn’t matter if you wear blue jeans or a blue uniform you must pay for the crime you commit,” Sharpton said, comparing Floyd’s death to that of a black New York man, Eric Garner, who also gasped “I can’t breathe” as a police officer held him in a chokehold.Members of Floyd’s family, the Reverend Jesse Jackson, Minnesota Governor Tim Walz, Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar and Minneapolis Mayor Jacob Frey were among several hundred people attending the service at North Central University in downtown Minneapolis.Many of the mourners wore masks because of the coronavirus pandemic.Minneapolis police chief Medaria Arradondo dropped to a knee as the hearse bearing Floyd’s remains arrived for the service, streamed live to a large crowd gathered at the flower-covered site where Floyd died. Topics : ‘Cannot stop the call of history’Democratic Congressman John Lewis, who marched with Martin Luther King Jr to fight segregation, echoed Sharpton’s hope that Floyd’s death could pave the way for “greater change.””This feels and looks so different,” the 80-year-old civil rights icon told “CBS This Morning.” “It is so much more massive and all inclusive.”Lewis, who was brutally beaten on several occasions during the 1960s civil rights protests, condemned Trump’s threat to use military force against demonstrators.”I think it would be a serious mistake on the part of President Trump to use the military to stop orderly, peaceful, nonviolent protests,” Lewis said. “You cannot stop, cannot stop the call of history.”While condemning Floyd’s death, Trump has adopted a tough stance towards the protesters, saying they include many “bad people” and calling on governors to “dominate the streets.”Trump has raised the possibility of invoking the Insurrection Act to deploy active duty troops to quell the unrest but his own defense secretary, Mark Esper, said Wednesday that should only be a “last resort.”New barriers were being erected outside the White House on Thursday as the protests for racial justice and police reform entered a 10th day.Some of the protests were marred by rioting and looting in the early days but they have been mostly peaceful since then.Curfews imposed in Los Angeles and Washington were lifted on Thursday. ‘Necessary and overdue’ A vigil for Floyd was also held in New York and was attended by thousands of people, including Floyd’s brother, Terrence.”White Silence is Violence,” a sign read. “Make America Not Embarrassing Again,” read another.A Republican senator, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, broke ranks with her party meanwhile and revealed she was struggling with whether to support President Donald Trump’s re-election.Murkowski said her move was prompted by remarks by Trump’s former defense secretary James Mattis, who a day earlier delivered a biting assessment of the president.Mattis called Trump “the first president in my lifetime who does not try to unite the American people — does not even pretend to try.””Instead, he tries to divide us,” the retired Marine Corps general said.”I thought General Mattis’s words were true and honest and necessary and overdue,” Murkowski told reporters.Her comments mark a major break with Trump within the Republican camp, which has largely held together through various crises including his impeachment and current threat to use military force against protests.Asked if she would support Trump in November’s election, Murkowski said: “I am struggling with it.”Three of the four Minneapolis police officers who arrested Floyd for allegedly passing a counterfeit bill made their first court appearance on Thursday to face charges of aiding and abetting his murder.Bail was set at $1 million each.The fourth policeman, Chauvin, has been charged with second-degree murder and appeared before a judge last week. Hundreds of mourners joined in an emotional memorial service on Thursday for George Floyd, the African-American man killed by police last week, as civil rights leader Al Sharpton vowed the mass protests ignited by his death would continue until “we change the whole system of justice” in the United States.Floyd’s attorney told mourners he would find justice for the 46-year-old Floyd, who died during a May 25 arrest when a white police officer knelt on his neck for nearly nine minutes.”It was not the coronavirus pandemic that killed George Floyd,” said Benjamin Crump, who is representing Floyd’s family. “It was that other pandemic. The pandemic of racism and discrimination.” The crowd in Minneapolis stood in silence for the eight minutes and 46 seconds that officer Derek Chauvin spent with his knee on Floyd’s neck, a scene captured on videotape.Floyd’s death has reignited long-felt anger over police killings of African-Americans and unleashed a nationwide wave of civil unrest unlike any seen in the US since King’s 1968 assassination.With demonstrations for racial justice sweeping through dozens of US cities and around the world, Sharpton said Floyd’s death would not be in vain.”It’s time for us to stand up in George’s name and say get your knee off our necks,” said the 65-year-old Baptist minister.
Published on January 24, 2017 at 12:23 am After back-to-back road losses against Top 15 teams, Syracuse (11-9, 3-4 Atlantic Coast) returns home to take on Wake Forest (12-7, 3-4) on Tuesday night. Here’s how our beat writers think the game will end.Connor Grossman (12-8)Demon catchersSyracuse 77, Wake Forest 70For at least one more game, Syracuse will continue pedaling the narrative that it’s a different (better) team in the Carrier Dome than outside of it. That storyline is much likelier to shift after this weekend’s tilt against No. 6 Florida State. But against Wake Forest, SU won’t need its best game of the year to grab a fourth conference win. The Orange would do well though to flex some depth behind Tyler Lydon, Andrew White and Tyus Battle. Specifically in the frontcourt, Taurean Thompson, Tyler Roberson and Dajuan Coleman have been neutralized offensively. A big game out of that trio would be a good start to imagining an upset over the Seminoles, not to mention a win over the Demon Deacons.Matt Schneidman (10-10)Holding a wakeWake Forest 81, Syracuse 70The Demon Deacons have averaged 94.5 points in back-to-back wins heading into the Carrier Dome on Tuesday night. Syracuse, well, we know how the Orange fared this past week in its first two chances for signature conference wins. So much for being much better at home than on the road, as Jim Boeheim’s team continues its worst start ever under the head coach by slipping one game closer to .500. At this point, the NCAA Tournament isn’t even in the rearview mirror. The NIT may not even be within sight after this home loss.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textPaul Schwedelson (13-7)Staying awakeSyracuse 71, Wake Forest 64The collective eyes of the Orange’s fanbase are right around that point late at night when they get heavy and it’s hard to keep them open. After a long day of work, it’d be easy to just let the eyelids shut and dream of a better season in 2017-18. But for at least another few days, Syracuse gives its fans a reason to keep their eyes open and watch this season. Wake Forest has won its last two, but lost four of five before that. The Demon Deacons don’t pose many dangerous threats outside of power forward John Collins. If SU can stay out of foul trouble (Collins draws 7.5 fouls per 40 minutes per Kenpom.com, which ranks 17th nationwide) and limit Collins, Syracuse should do just enough to squeak by. Comments Facebook Twitter Google+
Cummings and CYC-Lib. members posed shortly after the presentation ceremony. Alexander B. Cummings, political leader of the opposition Alternative National Congress (ANC) on March 5, 2019 won the “Face of the Nation Golden Award (FANGA) personality of 2018/2019 from the Christian Youth Community-Liberia (CYC-Lib)CYC-Lib is an international non-governmental organization that was established in Liberia on July 2, 2016, to ensure the spiritual and physical growth of young people, and empower them to help develop and make Liberia gain prominence among the comity of nations.CYC-Lib has a total membership of 300,000 youth in the 15 counties with focus on the spiritual aspect through nation building, programs, conferences, worship, livelihood and skills training.Mr. Testimony Liberation Vorkpor, president and founder of CYC-Lib, said the institution conducted a three-month vetting excise across the counties before arriving at the name Alexander Benedict Cummings as “Personality of the Year.”Vorkpor said during the vetting process, many Liberians selected Mr. Cummings for the numerous contributions he has made to improve the growth and development of Liberia, and building the capacities of young and disadvantaged youth.He called on Cummings not to be complacent with the award, because it is meant to motivate him to do more and understand that his effort has been recognized by the youthful population.Vorkpor added, “winning this award is just a stepping stone and also shows that you have contributed to the national growth and development of the country, and there is still room that you need to do more.“This award is given to you because you are the face of the nation when it comes to youth capacities building and development,” he said.Mr. Cummings, in response, expressed gratitude for the award, adding that it is important to have innovative young people taking the initiative to recognize people, who are trying to do good for the nation in different sectors.He promised to live up to the expectation that the award coeval and encouraged other young people to live by Christian principles and values for the betterment of the nation.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)